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Poetic Terms - Sara

Poetic Terms & Examples

Term & DefinitionExample
imagery-A vivid descriptive language that appeals to one or more of the 5 senses. The eerie silence was shattered by her scream.
onomatopoeia-the formation of a word from a sound associated with what is named sniff, boom, pow
setting-The time and place of the poem's action "Two roads diverged in a yellow wood..." (a forest, a cementery, a house)
The time and place of the poem's action-A person who communicates vocally in a language; One who speaks, the voice of a poem. Martin Luther King Jr.- Was a motivational speaker.
alliteration-repetition of the same sounds or of the same kinds of sounds at the beginning of words on scrolls of silver snowy sentences
allusion-A passing or casual reference; an incidental mention of something, either direct or by implication. Chocolate was her Achilie's heel.
personification-inhuman objects that have human qualities The tree whispered silently while the wind harassed the air.
assonance- Repetition of vowel sounds to create internal rhyming within phrases or sentences . And round about the keel with faces pale,dark faces pale against that rosy flame. (Pale) (Flame)
consonance-Correspondence of sounds; repetition of consonant sounds Mammals named Sam are clammy. (m is repeated)
caesura-A pause in the poem that depicts a punctuation usually next to an enjambment. marked with // The gruel of muds and weeds in a mauled lane Smelled sweet like blood. // birds have died or flown, (blood. // birds)
couplet-a pair of successive lines of verse, especially a pair that rhyme and are of the same length The wind blew very strong / as we scurried along!
end rhyme-rhyme that occurs at the end of two or more lines of poetry Whose woods these are I think I know / His house is in the village though.
internal rhyme-A line that consists of more than 2 rhymes on the same line The cat ate the bat, and just sat.
enjambment-The continuation of a sentence on the next stanza or couplet. The holy time is quiet as a Nun,/ Breathless with adoration; the broad sun/ Is sinking down in its tranquility. (the sentence continues beyond the line breaks)
stanza-lines or paragraphs that consist of a verse of a poem "I love to write Day and night What would my heart do But cry, sigh and be blue If I could not write (5 lines in 1 stanza)"
hyperbole-obvious and intentional exaggeration I'm so hungry I could eat a horse.
tone-a poems attitude that is implied by the writing. The tone of a peom can be the same through out and it can also change inbetween one peom "The Happy Grass"a poem by brian patten, has a tone of hope towards the prospects of peace that the grass represents
symbolism-an idea,place, or action that stands for something flying stands for freedom
antithesis-A person or thing that is the direct opposite of someone or something else Milk and Juice, PC and Mac, Pokemon and Digimon. Traditional Drawing and Digital Drawing are some of the things that are opposite from each other
point of view- The attitude or outlook of a narrator or character in a piece of literature, a movie, or another art form. 1st Person - I love my new shoes. 2nd Person- You come here with that. 3rd Person- He was prepared for class.
Simile-To compare two or more things using the word like or as Kevin is as beast as a full grown husky.
rhythm-The pattern or flow of sound created by the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables Whose woods these are I think I know (unstressed, stressed, unstressed, stressed, unstressed, stressed, unstressed, stressed.)
meter- The measured arrangement of words in poetry, as by accentual rhythm, syllabic quantity, or the number of syllables in a line. Water, water every where and all the boards did shrink; Water, water every where nor any drop to drink.
metaphor-A term or phrase that in not literal to relate to something Life is a Mountian, filled with switchbacks and road slides
mood-How the poem makes the reader or listener feel. When I read "We Real Cool" I felt like I was outside a pool hall (sneaking a peek at the "bad boys."
theme- the abstract concept explored in a literary work The message of we real cool is to stay in school or it's a slippery slope to trouble,.
Created by: stabasum