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Criminal Justice

Cave marking indicated That previous man knew something about policing
The word "police" is derived from The french word "policier"
Policier in french means "Power of the people"
The right of the governed to do whatever is best for the general welfare is Police power
Some examples of police power Traffic laws, sanitation standards, food and water quality standards.
Alfred the Great issued a set of laws to Protect the average man from wrong doing and violence.
Alfred's set of laws were known as the Frank Pledge (kin policing) laws.
The Frank Pledge laws were an attempt to .... Solve crime by making whole communities responsible for their acts
Under the Frank Pledge system there were sets of _______ in each tithing group 10 families
All ______ years or up were part of a tithing. Males 10
Around 10 tithings were then grouped into Hundreds
Each hundred tithing/group had a constable who Enforced the law and cared for the tithing weapons.
The hundreds were grouped into a shire, and a "reeve" was in charge and later became known as a "Shire-reeve" of sheriff
King Richard I appointed Specific knights to enforce the law
The specific chosen knights became known as "conservators of the peace" - ancestor to "justice of the peace"
King Edward III created the justice of the peace to supplement the Shire-reeve
The Constable became the assistant to The justice
The Constable was responsible for -Supervising the night watchmen -Inquiring into offenses -Serving summonses -Executing warrants -Taking care of prisoners
England had evolved from a Agrarian society (subsistence farming in inland areas)
England evolved INTO a Pre-industrial society (porduction and trade oriented economy)
Henry Fielding created the Bow Street Runners
Bow Street Runners were one of the first Actual paid policing agencies
Bow Street Runners were originally known as Bow Street Horse and Foot patrol
In the 1750's over 1/2 of every cargo sent by ship or stage was Robbed or stolen
Henry Fielding's basic idea was that Citizen-policeman in the area could be more selective on their enforcement
The very name of police in old european times was synonymous with Totalitarian oppression, like a dictatorship prior the early 1800's
Sir Robert Peel was England's Rome secretary
Sir Robert Peel introduced the Metropolitan Police Act
The Metropolitan Police Act created the Metropolitan Police
Sir Robert Peel is known historically as the Father of Modern Police
Peel's organizational guidelines included -Stable, efficient military-type police organizations -Police deployment by time and area -Good police image for public report -Officer numbered (badges) -Police hired on a probationary basis
The Metropolitan Police Act led to the Creation of official records and police effectiveness measuring by absences of crime
Created by: JessN98