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Neely Vocab 02

Water Vapor Water in the form of gas
Water Cycle Process in which water moves from the oceans to the air to the ground and then finally back to the oceans
Evaporation Process in which the sun's heat turns liquid water into water vapor
Condensation Process in which air rises and cools, which makes the water vapor it holds change back into a liquid
Precipitation Water that falls back to the earth as rain, snow, sleet, or hail
Collection Process in the water cycle during which streams and rivers carry water back to the oceans
Glacier Giant slow-moving sheets of ice
Groundwater Water that fills tiny cracks and holes in the rock layers below the earth's surface
Aquifer Underground rock layer so rich in water that water actually flows through it
Weather Unpredictable changes in the air that take place over a short period of time
Climate Usual, predictable patterns of weather in an area over a long period of time
Tropics Low-latitude region between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn
Monsoon Seasonal wind that blows over a continent for months at a time
Tornado Funnel shaped windstorm that sometimes forms during a severe thunderstorm
Hurricane Violent tropical storm with high winds and heavy rains
Typhoon Name for hurrican in Asia
Drought Long period of extreme dryness and water shortages
El Nino Combination of temperature, wind, and water effects in the Pacific Ocean that causes heavy rains in some areas and drought in others
La Nina Pattern of unusual weather in the Pacific Ocean that has the opposite effects of El Nino
Current Moving streams of water in the world's oceans, which affect the climate of land areas
Local Wind Pattern of wind caused by landforms in a particular area
Rain Shadow Dry area on the inland side of coastal mountains
Greenhouse Effect Buildup of certain gases in the atmosphere that, like a greenhouse, hold more of the sun's warmth
Rainforest Dense forest that receives high amounts of rain each year
Canopy Umbrella-like covering formed by the tops of trees in a rain forest
Savanna Broad grassland in the tropics with few trees
Marine West Coast Climate Weather pattern characterized by rainy and mild winters and cool summers
Mediterranean Climate Weather pattern characterized by mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers
Humid Continental Climate Weather pattern characterized by long, cold, and snowy winters and short, hot summers
Humid Subtropical Climate Weather pattern characterized by hot, humid, rainy summers and short, mild winters
Subarctic Weather pattern characterized by severely cold and bitter winters and short, cool summers
Tundra Vast rolling treeless plain in high latitude climates in which only the top few inches of ground thaw in summer
Permafrost Permanently frozen lower layers of soil in the tundra and subarctic regions
Steppe Partly dry grassland often found on the edges of a desert
Timberline Elevation along mountains above which no trees grow
Created by: mjneely1229