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Anatomy Basics 1

Integumentary System skin, hair, sweat glands, nails
Nervous System brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, sense organs
Endocrine System pituitary gland, thyroid gland, pancreas adrenal glands, gonads (ovaries and testes) endocrine tissues in other systems
Skeletal System bones, cartilages, ligaments, bone marrow
Muscular System skeletal muscles, tendons
Cardiovascular System heart, blood, blood vessels
Lymphatic System spleen, thymus, lymph nodes, lymphatic vessels tonsils
Respiratory Systems nasal cavities, sinuses, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs, alveoli
Digestive System teeth, tongue, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small and large intestines, liver, gall bladder, pancreas
Urinary System kidneys, ureters, urethra, urinary bladder
Male Reproductive System testes, epididymis, ductus deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate gland, penis, scrotum
Female Reproductive System ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus, vagina, labia, clitoris, mammary gland
Homeostatis a stable internal environment.
Homeostatic regulation the adjustment of the organ systems to maintain a stable internal environment.
Fundamental concept the organ systems work together to maintain homeostasis.
Anatomical Position head facing forward feet facing forward arms down at sides palms facing forward
frontal forehead
nasal nose
ocular, orbital eye
otic ear
buccal cheek
cervical neck
thoracic, thorax chest
mammary breast
abdominal abdomen
umbilical navel
pelvic pelvis
manual hand
inguinal groin
pubic pubis
femoral thigh
pedal foot
cranial skull
facial face
cephalic head
oral mouth
mental chin
axillary armpit
brachial arm
antecubital forearm
carpal wrist
palmar palm
pollex thumb
digits (phalanges) fingers and toes
patellar kneecap
crural leg
tarsal ankle
hallux great toe (big toe)
acromial shoulder
dorsal back
olecranal back of elbow
lumbar loin
gluteal buttock
popliteal back of knee
sural calf
calcaneal heel of foot
plantar sole of foot
anatomical directions allow you to describe the spatial relationship between different regions of the body. Ex: the head is superior to (above) the neck
above superior (cranial, rostral)
below inferior (caudal)
in front of anterior (ventral)
behind posterior (dorsal)
closer to the midline medial
further from the midline lateral
closer to the surface superficial
further from the surface deep
closer to attachments site (only for arms and legs) proximal
further from attachment site (only for arms and legs) distal
2 major ventral body cavities (coelem). They are separated by the diaphragm thoracic and abdominopelvic
one large serous membrane surrounds most organs of the abdominopelvic cavity peritoneum
Created by: abrock82