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Chapter 1 Vocab


1.Geography The study of the earth's surface and the processes that shape it, the connections between places, and complex relationships between people and their environment.
2.GIS A geographic information system, witch uses computer technology to collect and analyze data about the earth's surface in order to solve geographic problems.
3.Absolute location The position on in witch a place can be found.
4.Hemisphere A half of the earth; the equator divides the northern and southern hemisphere; the prime meridian divides the eastern and the western hemisphere.
5.Relative location The position of a place in relation to another place.
6.Character of a place Physical and human features that help to distinguish a place from other places.
7.Perception View point is influenced by ones own culture and experiences.
8.Formal region Group of places that have similar attributes, for example, political region.
9.Functional region Group of places connected by movement.
10.Perceptual region Group of places defined by peoples feelings.
11.Core The earths center, consisting of very hot metal that is dense and solid in the inner core.
12.Mantle A thick layer of mostly rock under the earths crust that surrounds the earths core.
13.Crust Solid rocky layer of the earth.
14.Lithosphere The surface features of the earth, including soil, rock, and land forms.
15.Atmosphere Layer of gas, water vapor, and other substances above the earth.
16.Hydrosphere Water contained in Oceans, lakes, rivers, and under the ground.
17.Biosphere World of plants, animals, and other living things in earths land and water.
18.Continent Any of the seven large land masses of earth.
19.Relief The difference in elevation, or height, of the land forms in any particular area.
20.Plate Tectonics Theory that the earths outer shell is composed of a number of large, anchored plates, or slabs of rock, whose constant movement explains earthquakes and volcanic activity.
21.Continental drift theory Idea that the continents are constantly moving dew to the movement of the plates.
22.Ring of fire Ring of volcanic mountains surrounding the pacific ocean.
23.Weather Conditions of the bottom layer of the earths atmosphere in one place over a short period of time.
24.Climate Term used for the weather patterns that an area typically experiences over a long period of time.
25.Rotation Spinning motion of the earth, like a top on its axes
26.Revolution One completes orbit of the earth around the sun. The earth completes one revolution every 365.25 days.
27.Solstice Either of the two times a year when the sun appears directly overhead at the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn.
28.Equinox Either of the two times each year (spring and fall) when day and night are of nearly equal length everywhere on earth.
29.Percipitation All of the forms of water that fall to earth from the atmosphere, including rain and snow.
30.Front The boundary between two masses of air that differ in density or temperature.
Created by: AmmieGandy