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All St.Terms & Symb

Memorize for All State Competition

meno mosso “Less moved”; indicates a change to a slower tempo
marcato “Marked”, stressed; i.e. emphasizing each note; it often indicates a melody that should be given prominence
subito “Suddenly”, “immediately”; a word found in scores in such contexts as subito piano (suddenly quiet), etc.
sFp Abbreviation for sforzando followed immediately by piano, i.e. strongly accented note followed by a quiet note or passage
rall. Rallentando; slowing down, gradually
rubato “Robbed”; the practice in performance of disregarding strict time, ‘robbing’ some note-values for expressive effect and creating an atmosphere of spontaneity
a tempo Denotes reversion to speed at beginning of piece or movement after a deviation
div. Divisi (“divided”); an instruction for one section of the ensemble to divide itself into two or more, taking separate parts that are often notated on the same staff
poco rit. Poco ritardando; becoming a little slower
maestoso “Majestic”, “dignified”; a term used alone as an indication of mood or as a tempo designation; it also appears as a modification of some other tempo mark
allargando “Broadening”, i.e. becoming slower, often with an accompanying crescendo
tutti “All”; a word used in musical contexts primarly as a contrast to soli or solo
legato Bound”, i.e. played smoothly with no noticeable breaks between the notes
con gusto “With style”, “with zest”, i.e. with appropriate speed, phrasing, etc.
PP Pianissimo (very quiet)
sim. Simile (“the same”); composer’s direction in score to indicate that phrase, etc., is to be performed in the same manner as parallel preceding phrase, thus avoiding copying expression marks at each repetition
5 8 Time signature denoting quintuple time, where there are five beats in a measure; typically the eighth note beats are subdivided into either 2+3 or 3+2, placing the principle accents on 1st, and 3rd or 4th beats of the measure
Created by: ellie autry