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Hardware terminology

Hardware Stufs

TermDefinition
Hardware Computer's physical components
Software Instruction set for hardware, uses hardware for input, processing, storage, and output
Binary Number System Writes and reads in two states
Bit Short for “binary digit”, smallest unit of computing
Byte Eight bits, Used for counting, calculation, storage operations
Motherboard Largest, most important circuit board
CPU Reads input, processes data, writes data to storage
Chipset Group of microchips on the motherboard controlling data flow
Primary Storage Temporary storage used by the processor
Secondary Storage Enables data to persist after machine turned off
RAM Temporary Memory for the Processor. Also known as Primary Storage
Hard Drives Long-Term storage of memory, also know as Secondary Storage
Optical Drives Reads and writes information on a disk
Traces Fine lines on top and bottom of the motherboard’s surface
Bus System of pathways, transmission protocols
Video Card provides a port for the monitor
Sound Card provides ports for speakers and microphones
Network Card provides a port for a network cable
Power Supply Converts AC voltage external source to DC voltage
BIOS (Basic Input/Output System Data and instructions stored on ROM chips
CMOS RAM includes date, time, port configurations Flash ROM
Created by: Avarice