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My Vocab Words

My Vocab

TermDefinition
computer literacy The level of expertise and familiarity someone has with computers. Computer literacy generally refers to the ability to use applications rather than to program
computer A computer is a programmable machine. The two principal characteristics of a computer are: it responds to a specific set of instructions in a well-defined manner and it can execute a prerecorded list of instructions (a program).
data Distinct pieces of information, usually formatted in a special way. All software is divided into two general categories: data and programs. Programs are collections of instructions for manipulating data.
information processed data that conveys meaning and is used-full to people
information processing cycle The sequence of events in processing information, which includes (1) input, (2) processing, (3) storage and (4) output. These processes work together and repeat over and over.
hardware Hardware refers to objects that you can actually touch, like disks, disk drives, display screens, keyboards, printers, boards, and chips.
input devices Any machine that feeds data into a computer. For example, a keyboard is an input device, whereas a display monitor is an output device.
output devices Any machine capable of representing information from a computer. This includes display screens, printers, plotters, and synthesizers.
storage devices The capacity of a device to hold and retain data
hard drive a high-capacity, self-contained storage device containing a read-write mechanism plus one or more hard disks, inside a sealed unit
flash drive a small electronic device containing flash memory that is used for storing data or transferring it to or from a computer, digital camera, etc.
system unit A system unit, also known as a S.U., is the main unit of a personal computer, typically consisting of a metal or plastic enclosure containing the motherboard, power supply, cooling fans, internal disk drives, and the memory modules, etc..
processor a machine that processes something.
memory electronic components in a computer that store instructions waiting to be executed and data needed by those instructions
motherboard a printed circuit board containing the principal components of a computer or other device, with connectors into which other circuit boards can be slotted.
communication devices Communication devices are the machines that assist in transmission of data
modem a combined device for modulation and demodulation, for example, between the digital data of a computer and the analog signal of a telephone line.
application software Application software, is computer software designed to help the user to perform singular or multiple related specific tasks. Examples include enterprise software, accounting software, office suites, graphics software, and media players.
system software System software is computer software designed to operate the computer hardware and to provide and maintain a platform for running application software.
personal computers a computer designed for use by one person at a time.
desktop the primary display screen of a graphical user interface
notebooks
mobile computers taking a computer and all necessary files and software out into the field
tablet pc mobile computer for field work in business
digital pen input device which captures the handwriting or brush strokes of a user, converts handwritten analog information created using "pen and digital paper
game consoles Web definitions A video game console is an interactive entertainment computer or modified computer system that produces a video display signal which can be used with a display device to display a video game
servers a computer or computer program that manages access to a centralized resource or service in a network
mainframe computers a large digital computer serving 100-400 users and occupying a special air-conditioned room
supercomputers a particularly powerful mainframe computer
embedded computers An embedded system is a computer system designed to perform one or a few dedicated functions often with real-time computing constraints
Rob Sabow P.3
Created by: versace