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Carbohydrates

Nutrition HO-15 Lesson 4

QuestionAnswer
three monosaccharides fructose, glucose and galactose
three disaccharides sucrose, maltose and lactose
fructose + glucose is sucrose
glucose + galactose is lactose
glucose + glucose is maltose
lactose breaks down into galactose + glucose
maltose breaks down into glucose + glucose
table sugar is sucrose
fruit sugar is fructose
milk sugar is lactose
sucrose breaks down into fructose + glucose
three complex carbohydrates starch, fiber, glycogen
storage form of carbohydrates in the body glycogen
complex carbohydrate that provides us with energy starch
complex carbohydrate that passes through undigested fiber
when the starch from corn is consumed the end result in the bloodstream is glucose
the recommended intake for carbohydrates as a % of total calories is 45-65%
the recommended intake for added sugar as a % of total calories is 0-5%
which type of carbohydrates should be minimized in the diet refined
the maximum amount of added sugar (in grams) per day 25-35 grams
which type of fiber decreases risk of heart disease and diabetes soluble
which type of fiber alleviates constipation and lower risk of diverticulosis insoluble
which type of fiber slows the absorption of glucose soluble
which type of fiber adds bulk to stools insoluble
when a grain is refined, what is removed husk, bran and germ
unbleached, refined wheat flour is shown on a label as wheat flour
every absorbable carbohydrate eventually ends up as what in the bloodstream glucose
when blood sugar drops, what is released from the pancreas glucagon
when blood sugar rises, what is released from the pancreas insulin
insulin lowers blood glucose by assisting glucose into cells
glucagon acts on what organ liver
what is the action of glucagon breaks down glycogen to glucose
what impact does glucagon have on blood glucose raises blood glucose
what impact does insulin have on blood glucose lowers blood glucose
what is the chemical composition of honey fructose, glucose and sucrose
is honey an added sugar? yes
how does the glycemic load differ from glycemic index takes into account the weight of the food
evaporated cane juice is healthier than table sugar no, it's chemically the same
which type of diabetes is an autoimmune disease type 1
which type of diabetes is characterized by insulin resistance type 2
when an individual has diabetes is the blood sugar high or low high
increased fat storage, insulin resistance, high uric acid, high cholesterol are associated with high intakes of fructose
Created by: tainner
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