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General Need to know

skill info

QuestionAnswer
D5W is what type of solution? Isotonic
0.9NS is what type of solution? Isotonic
Lactated Ringers is what type of solution? Isotonic
What is LR used for? Hypovolemia, burns, & fluid loss
What IV fluid has the same concentration as plasma? Lactated ringer's
0.33 NS is what type of solution? Hypotonic
0.45 NS is what type of solution? Hypotonic
What IV fluid can be used to treat hypernatremia? 0.45NS
5 Dextrose in 0.45 NS is what type of solution? Hypertonic
what can be removed with pharynx suctioning? saliva, pulmonary secretion, blood, vomitus, foreign material
what are the sign o respiratory distress? nasall flaring, retraction, grunting
what is the wall unit set to on the pressure suction for adults? 100-120 mmHg
what is the wall unit set to on the pressure suction for adolescents? 80-120 mmHg
what is the wall unit set to on the pressure suction for children/infant? 80-100 mmHg
what is the wall unit set to on the pressure suction for neonate? 60-80 mmHg
what is the portable unit set to on the pressure suction for adults? 10-15 cmHg
what is the portable unit set to on the pressure suction for adolescents/children/infant? 8-10 cmHg
what is the portable unit set to on the pressure suction for neonates? 6-8 cmHg
How far do you insert a suction catheter for nasopharngneal? 5-6"
How far do you insert a suction catheter for oropharngneal? 3-4"
how many times can you suction a patient in a row? 3
How far do you insert a suction catheter for nasotracheal? 8-9"
infiltration the escape of fluid into the subcutaneous tissue
sepsis microorganisms invade the bloodstream through the catheter insertion site
phlebitis a inflammation of a vein
thrombus a blood clot
speed shock a body's reaction to a substance that is injected into the circulatory system to rapidly
fluid overload the condition caused when too large a volume of fluid infuses into the circulatory system
air embolus air in the circulatory system
standard formula for gtt/min volume(mL) x drop factor (gtt/ml)/ time (in minutes
short formula using milliliters per hour milliliters per hour x drop factor (gtt/ml)/ time (60 minutes)
infiltration scale grade 0 no symptoms
infiltration scale grade 1 skin blanched, edema <1 inch in any direction, cool to touch, with or without pain
infiltration scale grade 2 skin blanched, edema 1 to 6 inch in any direction, cool to touch, with or without pain
infiltration scale grade 3 skin blanched, translucent, edema >6 inch in any direction, cool to touch, mild - moderate pain, possible numbness
infiltration scale grade 4 skin blanched, translucent, skin tight, leaking, skin discolored, bruised, swollen, gross edema >6 inch in any direction, deep pitting tissue edema, circulatory impairment, moderate-severe pain,
phlebitis scale grade 0 no symptoms
phlebitis scale grade 1 erythema at access site with or without pain
phlebitis scale grade 2 pain at access site with erythema and/or edema
phlebitis scale grade 3 pain at access site with erythema and/or edema, streak formation, palpable venous cord
phlebitis scale grade 4 pain at access site with erythema and/or edema, streak formation, palpable venous cord >1 inch in length, purulent drainage
weights 1 kg = 1000 grams
weight 1 gram = 1000 milligrams
weight 1 milligram = 1000 mcg
1 liter = 1000 ml
60 minims = 1 fluidram (fdr)
8 fluidrams = 1 fluidounce
16 fluidounce = 1 pint
2 pints = 1 quatt
3 tsp = 1 tbsp
2 tbsp = 1 oz
60 mg = 1 gram
300 or 325 mg = 5 grains
600 or 650 mg = 10 grains
1 g = 15 gr
1 kg = 2.2 lbs
100 mg = gr 1.5
2.5 cm = 1 in
1 ml = 15 or 16 gtts
5 ml 1 tsp
15 ml = 0.5 oz
30 ml = 1 oz
1 liter= i qt
240 ml = 1 cup
16 oz = 1 lb
Created by: 597389573