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sum, esse, eram, fui I am
supero, superare, superavi I overcome
discedo, discedere, discessi I go away, depart
lego, legere, legi I read
credo, credere, credidi + dat. I believe, turst
promitto, promittere, promisi I promise
efficio, efficere, effeci I effect, carry out
hora, -ae f. hour
pecunia, -ae, f. money
divitiae, -arum, f. pl. riches
candidatus, -i m. candidate
numerus, -i m. number
oratio, orationis, f. speech
orationem habere to make a speech
vulnus, vulneris, n. wound
deinde then, next
enim for
igitur and so, therefore
tamen however, but
candidus, -a, -um white
optimus, -a, -um best
pessimus, -a, -um worst
verus, -a, -um true
vera dicere to speak the truth
gravis, grave heavy, serious
cum when
absum, abesse, afui +abl. I am away from
disco, discere, didici I learn
fleo, flere, flevi I weep
ineo, inire, inii I enter, begin
transeo, transire, transii I cross
studeo, studere, studui +dat. I study
valere iubeo I bid goodbye to
vendo, vendere, vendidi I sell
conspicio, conspicere, conspexi I catch sight of
longus, -a, -um long
longe far
adhuc still
tam so
sine +abl. without
lacrima, -ae f. tear
silva, -ae, f. a wood
annus, -i, m. year
ignis, ignis, m. fire
iter, itineris, n. journey
tempus, temporis, n. time
ver, veris, n. spring
dies, diei, m. day
ago, agere, egi I do; I drive
claudo, claudere, clausi I shut
aperio, aperire, aperui I open
apertus, -a, -um open
altus, -a, -um high
confectus, -a, -um finished
invitus, -a, -um unwilling
medius, -a, -um middle
sacer, sacra, sacrum sacred
vacuus, -a, -um empty
difficilis, difficile difficult
aedificium, -i, n. building
vestimenta, -orum, n. pl clothes
Iuppiter, Iovis, m. Jupiter
continuo immediately
huc...illuc this way and that
paene nearly
ubique everywhere
extra +acc. outside
ubi where
appello, appellare, appellavi I call (by name)
recito, recitare, recitavi I recite, read aloud
rideo, ridere, risi I laugh
induo, induere, indui I put on
intellego, intellegere, intellexi I understand
poeta, -ae, m. poet
gratiae, -arum, f. pl. thanks
gratias ago +dat. I thank
schola, -ae, f. school, schoolroom
discipulus, -i, m. pupil
liber, ilbri, m. book
gradus, gradus, m. step
manus, maus, f. hand
versus, versus, m. verse
vultus, vultus, m. face, expression
rectus, -a, -um straight
recte rightly, correctly
severus, -a, -um severe
facilis, facile easy
facile easily
salve, salvete! greetings!
sino, sinere, sivi I allow
viso, visere, visi I visit
conficio, conficere, confeci I finish
intersum, interesse, interfui +dat. I am among, I take part in
clarus, -a, -um clear, bright, famous
ingeniosus, -a, -um talented, clever
latus, -a, -um wide, broad
praeterea moreover
aliquis someone
aliquid something
epistola, -ae, f. letter
dominus, -i, m. master
atrium, -i, n. hall
ingenium, -i, n. character, talents
studium, -i, n. study
tablinum, i, n. study (the room)
aedes, aedium, f. pl. house
orator, oratoris, m. orator, speaker
soror, sororis, f. sister
dies, diei, m. day
meridies, meridiei, m. midday
cotidie every day
res, rei, f. thing, matter, property
respublica, reipublicae, f. the republic
re vera in truth, in fact, really
spes, spei, f. hope
spero, sperare, speravi I hope
volo, volare, volavi I fly
faveo, favere, favi +dat. I favour, support
pareo, parere, parui +dat. I obey
frango, frangere, fregi I break
perdo, perdere, perdui I lose, destroy
rapio, rapere, rapui I snatch, steal
quo? where to?
turba, -ae, f. crowd
ludi, -orum, m. pl. the games
signum, -i, n. sign, signal
vesper, vesperis, m. evening
casus, casus, m. mishap, misfortune
currus, currus, m. chariot
cursus, cursus, m. running; a course
contentus, -a, -um content
fractus, -a, -um broken
maximus, -a, -um greatest, very great
plurimus, -a, -um very many
nobilis, nobile noble, famous
talis, tale such
vetus, veteris old
retineo, retinere, retinui I hold back
refero, referre, rettuli I carry back; I report
insum, inesse, infui I am in, I am among
malo, malle, malui I prefer
paulisper for a little (time)
unde? whence? from where?
undique from all sides
mora, -ae, f. delay
nimium, -i, n. +gen. too much
nimium vini too much (of) wine
balnea, -orum, n. pl. baths
anxietas, anxietatis, f. anxiety
celeritas, celeritatis, f. speed
aeger, aegra, aegrum sick, ill
numero, numerare I count
caveo, cavere, cavi I beware of
praetereo, praeterire, praeterii I go past, pass
provideo, providere, providi I forsee
veho, vehere, vexi I carry
fio, fierei I become
denique lastly, finally
magnopere greatly
quam than
quamquam although
victoria, -ae, f. victory
inimicus, -i, m. enemy
praemium, -i, n. reward
spectaculum, -i, n. show
cliens, clientis, m. client, dependant
ordo, ordinis, m. rank, line, order
spectator, spectatoris, m. spectator
genus, generis, n. race, kind, sort
conspectus, conspectus, m. sight, view
superbus, -a, -um proud
crudelis, crudele cruel
ferox, ferocis fierce
luceo, lucere, luxi I shine
sumo, sumere, sumpsi I take (up); I put on
diligentia, -ae, f. care, diligence
litterae, -arum, f. pl. letters, literature
campus, -i, m. plain, field
facilitas, facilitatis, f. ease, facility
lex, legis, f. law
multitudo, multitudinis, f. multitude, crowd
iurs, iuris, n. right, justice
tumultus, tumultus, m. riot, uproar
brevis, breve short
insignis, insigne outstanding, distinguished
puerilis, puerile of boys, childish
virilis, virile of men, manly
toga virilis the toga of manhood
quam +superlative as... as possible
quam celerrime as quickly as possible
ardeo, ardere, arsi I burn, am on fire
accidit, accidere, accidit it happens
ferio, ferire I strike
pervenio, pervenire, perveni I arrive, reach
num? surely not?
satis +gen. enough
pro +abl. in front of; on behalf of; for
causa, -ae, f. cause, reason
gladius, -i, m. sword
tyrannus, -i, m. tyrant
theatrum, -i, n. theatre
pars, partis, f. part
timor, timoris, m. fear
caput, capitis, n. head
armatus, -a, -um armed
quantus, -a, -um? how great?
ultimus, -a, -um furthest, last
vexo, vexare, vexavi I worry, annoy
augeo, augere, auxi I increase
accendo, accendere, accendi I set fire to
colligo, colligere, collegi I collect, gather
ruo, ruere, rui I rush
benignus, -a, -um kind
plenus, -a, -um +abl. full (of)
scelestus, -a, -um wicked, criminal
ullus, -a, -um any
civilis, civile of citizens, civil
prudens, prudentis prudent, sensible, wise
philosophia, -ae, f. philosophy
exitium, -i, n. destruction
imperium Romanum, n. the Roman empire
otium, -i, n. leisure
orbis, orbis, m. circle, globe
orbis terrarum the globe, the world
potestas, potestatis, f. power
portus, portus, m. port
cras tomorrow
ergo and so
mane early (in the morning)
cresco, crescere, crevi I grow, increase
edo, esse, edi I eat
solvo, solvere, solvi I loose, untie, cast off
luna, -ae, f. moon
argentum, -i, n. silver, money
nubes, nubis, f. cloud
viator, viatoris, m. traveller
dexter, dextra, dextrum right
dextra (manu) on the right (hand)
sinister, sinistra, sinistrum left
sinistra (manu) on the left (hand)
reliquus, -a, -um remaining
vivus, -a, -um alive, living
inde thence, from there
cum primum as soon as
condo, condere, condidi I found, establish
confido, confidere +dat. I trust
scholam habeo I give a lecture
vita, -ae, f. life
negotium, -i, n. business
adventus, adventus, m. arrival
doctus, -a, -um learned
gratus, -a, -um pleasing, welcome; grateful
humanus, -a, -um human; humane, kind
iucundus, -a, -um pleasant, delightful
dulcis, dulce sweet
libenter gladly
quando? when?
alter, altera, alterum one or the other (of two); second
uter, utra, utrum? which? (of two)
utrum...an? whether...or?
quisdam anyone (after a negative)
quicquam anything (after a negative)
propter +acc. on account of, because of
super +acc. above, over
nisi unless; except
ut as, when
sicut just as, like
delecto, delectare, delectavi, delectatum I please, delight
supplico, supplicare, supplicavi, supplicatum +dat. I pray to, beg
arcesso, arcessere, arcessivi, arcessitum I summon
me gero I behave myself
rem gero I conduct a matter
nubo, nubere, nupsi, nuptum +dat. I marry
nuptiae, -arum, f. pl. wedding
nuptialis, nuptiale of a wedding, nuptial
tollo, tollere, sustuli, sublatum I raise, lift
pereo, perire, perii, peritum I perish, die
sentio, sentire, sensi, sensum I feel, realize
heri yesterday
nuper lately
chorus, -i, m. chorus
donum, -i, n. gift
limen, liminis, n. threshold
lumen, luminis, n. light
mos, moris, m. custom
mos maiorum the custom of our ancestors
sol, solis, m. sun
aequus, -a, -um equal, fair
aeque equally, fairly
antiquus, -a, -um old, ancient
dubius, -a, -um doubtful
sine dubio without doubt
dives, divitis rich
potens, potentis powerful
milito, militare, militavi, militatum I campaign, serve as a soldier
valeo, valere, valui, valitum I am strong, I am well
dissero, disserere, disserui, dissertum I discuss
expello, expellere, expuli, expulsum I drive out
opprimo, opprimere, oppressi, oppressum I oppress
officium, -i, n. duty
eques, equitis, m. horseman
equites, equitum, m. pl. cavalry
finis, finis, m. end, finish
fines, finium, m. pl. boundaries, territory
libertas, libertatis,f. liberty
idem, eadem, idem the same (=is, ea, id +suffix -dem)
nonnulli, -ae, -a some
hilaris, hilare cheerful
immortalis, immortale immortal
senior, senioris older
vehemens, vehementis violent
comparo, comparare, comparavi, comparatum I acquire, get
occup, occupare, occupavi, occupatum I seize, occupy
cogo, cogere, coegi, coactum I compel
consisto, consistere, constiti, constitum I halt, stand still
divido, dividere, dividi, divisum I divide
everto, evertere, evertii, eversum I overturn
corripio, corripere, corripui, correptum I seize, steal
praeficio, praeficere, praefeci, praefectum I put x(acc.) in comman of y (dat.)
recipio, recipere, recepi, receptum I take back
me recipio, recipere, recepi, receptum I take myself back, retreat
praesum, praeesse, praefui +dat. I am in command of
bona, -orum, n. pl. goods
copiae, -arum, f. pl. forces
villa, -ae, f. villa, country house
legatus, -i, m. deputy, officer, envoy
ferrum, -i, n. iron; sword
partes, partium, f. pl. political party
tot (indeclinable) so many
totiens so often
adversus, -a, -um contrary, opposed
clam secretly
atque and
adiuvo, adiuvare, adiuvi, adiutum I help
administro, administrare, administravi, administratum I manage, administer
immineo, imminere +dat. I hang over, threat
valeo, valere, valui, valitum I am strong, I am well
committo, committere, commisi, commissum I entrust
aliquem certiorem facio I make someone more certain, I inform someon
cautus, -a, -um cautious
certus, -a, -um certain; resolved
honestus, -a, -um honourable
otiosus, -a, -um at leisure, idle
sollicitus, -a, -um anxious
filiolus, -i, m. a little son
dolor, doloris, m. pain, grief
infans, infantis, c. baby
mensis, mensis, m. month
unus, una, unum 1
duo, duae, duo 2
tres, tria 3
quattuor 4
quinque 5
sex 6
septem 7
octo 8
novem 9
decem 10
primus, -a, -um first
secundus, -a, -um second
tertius, -a, -um third
quartus, -a, -um fourth
sextus, -a, -um sixth
septimus, -a, -um seventh
octavus, -a, -um eighth
nonus, -a, -um ninth
decimus, -a, -um tenth
ad to, towards
ante before
circum around
contra against
extra outside
in +acc into, onto
inter among
per through
post after, behind
prope near
propter on account of
super above
trans across
a/ab from
cum with
de down from; about
e/ex out of
pro in front of, on behalf of
sine without
sub under
in +abl in, on
Created by: b.f.k.