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Remarkable Body

Nutrition HO-15 Lesson 3

QuestionAnswer
this group may benefit from drinking 1-2 alcoholic drinks daily men with heart disease over age 60
the most important organ in digestion and absorption small intestines
bile is made in this organ liver
this organ reabsorbs water and minerals colon
provides bulk and increases pressure on the colon fiber
bile is stored in this organ gallbladder
the breakdown of food into individual nutrients digestion
this organ uncoils (denatures) protein stomach
carbohydrates are initially stored in what two organs liver and muscle
fat is stored where adipose cells (fat cells)
carbohydrates are stored as glycogen
once glycogen stores are filled, carbohydrates are stored as fat in adipose cells
the cells in the stomach secrete what to protect the stomach lining mucus
eating small meals, decreasing fiber & wearing loose clothing are recommendations for what condition heartburn
carbohydrate digestion begins where mouth
alcohol is utilized as energy and food consumed with alcohol is stored as fat, which creates beer belly
the uptake of nutrients from the small intestines into the bloodstream absorption
carbohydrates have how many calories per gram 4
fat has how many calories per gram 9
protein has how many calories per gram 4
not stored to a great extent, but there is an amino acid pool protein
stomach acid traveling from the stomach into the esophagus acid reflux
burning sensation experienced in the central chest area from stomach acid heartburn
chronic condition due to weak lower esophageal sphincter GERD
offer temporary relief but may worsen symptoms of GERD antacids
genetic material of all the microorganisms that share our body space microbiome
number of microorganisms on our skin and in our body that actually benefit our health trillions
main food for our microbiota MACs (microbiota-accessible carbohydrates)
live microorganisms that naturally occur in food probiotics
more plants and less fast food do what in our guts? increase microbial diversity
Created by: tainner
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