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CS251 Cardiac Cond.

PCP CS251 cardiac conditions blackboard flashcards

QuestionAnswer
Assuming that ALS is not available, will you normally give the first nitroglycerine at the scene, or en route? At the scene
Before giving nitroglycerin, you must ensure that the patient s BP is greater than: 100 mm Hg
Before initiating the Chest Pain protocol, you must have completed the following tasks: Investigated the pain severity Obtained a history sufficient to suggest that the pain is cardiac in nature, and rule out the contraindications for Nitroglycerin and ASA, Obtained a baseline set of vital signs
Cardiovascular causes of chest pain include: Cardiac ischemia Pericarditis Thoracic dissection of the aorta
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a disease affecting the: Hear or peripheral blood vessels
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a type of: cardiovascular disease
Five examples of sympathomimetic agents are: Dopamine Dobutamine Epinephrine Norepinephrine Isoproterenol
Gastrointestinal causes of chest pain include: Cholecystitis Pancreatitis Hiatal hernia Esophageal disease Gastroesophageal reflux Peptic ulcer disease Dyspepsia
Medications that act to break up blood clots blocking a blood vessel are known as: Thrombolytic agents
Musculoskeletal causes of chest pain include: Chest wall syndrome, Costochondritis Acromioclavicular disease Herpes zoster Chest wall trauma Chest wall tumors
On an ECG printout, the P wave corresponds to: atrial depolarization
Respiratory causes of chest pain include: Pulmonary embolism Pneumothorax Pneumonia Pleural effusion
Seven examples of antidysrhythmic medications are: Atropine sulfate Lidocaine Procainamide Bretylium Adenosine Amiodarone Verapamil
Sinus tachycardia results from: An increased rate of SA node discharge.
Stable angina occurs during: activity
The Five Ps of acute arterial occlusion are: Pallor Pain Pulselessness Paralysis Paresthesia
The QRS complex reflects: ventricular depolarization
The QT interval describes: The period from the beginning of the QRS to the end of the T wave.
The T wave reflects: repolarization of the ventricles
The acronym ECG stands for Electrocardiogram
The amount and route of each dose of ASA that you will administer is: 160mg po
The amount and route of each dose of nitroglycerine that you will administer is: 0.4mg sl
The maximum amount of nitroglycerine that you are allowed to give a patient is 3 doses within the following time frame: 30 minutes
The most common symptom of CHF is: laboured breathing
The term 'angina pectoris' can be defined as: Chest pain that results when the heart s blood supply is transiently exceeded by myocardial oxygen demands.
The term 'asystole' can be defined as: the absence of all cardiac electrical activity
The term 'cardiac arrest' can be defined as: The absence of ventricular contraction.
The term 'deep vein thrombosis' can be defined as: A blood clot in a vein
The term 'defibrillation' can be defined as: The process of passing an electrical current through a fibrillating heart to depolarize a critical mass of myocardial cells.
The term 'dissecting aortic aneurysm' can be defined as: An aneurysm caused when blood gets between, and separates, the layers of the aortic wall.
The term 'dysrhythmia' can be defined as: Any deviation from the normal electrical rhythm of the heart.
The term 'dysrhythmia' is often used interchangeably with the term: arrhythmia
The term 'heart failure' can be defined as: A clinical syndrome in which the heart’s mechanical performance is compromised, so that cardiac output cannot meet the body’s needs.
The term 'hypertensive emergency' can be defined as: An acute elevation of blood pressure that requires the blood pressure to be lowered within one hour.
The term 'myocardial infarction' can be defined as: Death and subsequent necrosis of the heart muscle caused by inadequate blood supply.
The term 'normal sinus rhythm' can be defined as: A normal heart rhythm
The term 'refractory period' can be defined as: The period of time when myocardial cells have not yet completely repolarized, and cannot be stimulated again.
The term 'sudden death' can be defined as: Death within one hour after the onset of symptoms.
The term 'synchronized cardioversion' can be defined as: The passage of an electric current through the heart during a specific part of the cardiac cycle to terminate certain kinds of dysrhythmias.
The term 'varicose veins' can be defined as: Dilated superficial veins, usually in the lower extremity.
The term 'vasculitis' can be defined as: Inflammation of blood vessels
The term 'ventricular fibrillation' can be defined as: A chaotic ventricular rhythm, usually resulting from the presence of many reentry circuits within the ventricles.
The term 'atherosclerosis' can be defined as: A progressive, degenerative disease of the medium-sized and large arteries.
The term 'paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea' can be defined as: A sudden episode of difficult breathing that occurs after lying down; most commonly caused by left heart failure.
The term used to describe a clot in one of the pulmonary arteries is known as a Pulmonary embolism
The term used to describe a condition in which the heart s reduced stroke volume causes an overload of fluid in the body s other tissues, is known as: CHF (congestive heart failure)
The term used to describe a heart rate greater than 100 beats per minute is known as: Tachycardia
The term used to describe a heart rate less than 60 beats per minute is known as: bradycardia
The term used to describe a thickening, loss of elasticity, and hardening of the walls of the arteries from calcium deposits is known as: arteriosclerosis.
The term used to describe a variant of angina pectoris caused by vasospasm of the coronary arteries is known as: prinzmetal’s angina (or vasospastic angina, or atypical angina).
The term used to describe the accumulation of excess fluid inside the pericardium is known as: cardiac tamponade
The term used to describe the ballooning of an arterial wall, resulting from a defect or weakness in the wall, is known as a(n): aneurysm
The term used to describe the duration from the beginning of the cardiac arrest until effective CPR is established is known as: down time
The term used to describe the inability of the heart to meet the metabolic needs of the body, resulting in inadequate tissue perfusion, is known as: cardiogenic shock
Unstable angina occurs at: rest
ou have initiated the nitroglycerine protocol and are en route to the hospital. 2 doses of nitroglycerine have not relieved the patient s complaint of chest pain. The patient s BP is 90 systolic Entonox, allowing 5 minutes to elapse from the last dose of nitroglycerine.
Created by: 1639050084