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MOLB Chapter 8

Microbial Genetics

genes segments of DNA that encode for a functional product
genome all DNA of an organism including mitochondrial and chloroplast DNA
chromosomes large structure of DNA that houses DNA
plasmid small circular piece of extrachromosomal DNA that carry "accessory genes"
start codons codons that initiate protein synthesis, AUG
codons group of 3 base pairs that code for an amino acid UAA, UAG, UGA
stop/nonsense codons signal the end of protein synthesis
Horizontal gene transfer transfer of DNA between cells of the same generation
Vertical gene transfer occurs during reproduction between generations of cells
Created by: 100000860991270