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Blood/urine important values

Serum Creatinine Males: 0.6-1.2 mg/dL Females: 0.5-1.1 mg/dL
Increased Serum Creatinine renal impairment
Decreased Serum Creatinine decreased muscle mass
Blood Urea Nitrogen 10-20 mg/dL
Increased BUN hepatic/renal disease, dehydration or decreased renal perfusion, high protein diet, infection, stress, steroid use, GI bleed, other situations where blood is in the tissues
Decreased BUN malnutrition, fluid volume excess, severe hepatic damage
RBCs Males: 4.7-6.1 million Females: 4.2-5.4 million
Decreased RBCs possible anemia or hemorrhage
Increased RBCs possible chronic hypoxia or polycythemia vera
Hemoglobin (Hgb) Males: 14-18 g/dL Females: 12-16 g/dL
Decreased Hgb possible anemia or hemorrhage (same as RBC and Hct)
Increased Hgb possible chronic hypoxia or polycythemia vera (same as RBC and Hct)
Hematocrit (Hct) Males: 42%-52% Females: 37%-47%
Decreased Hct possible anemia or hemorrhage (same as RBC and Hgb)
Increased Hct possible chronic hypoxia or polycythemia vera (same as RBC and Hgb)
WBCs 5,000-10,000
Increased WBCs associated with infection, inflammation, autoimmune disorders, and leukemia
Decreased WBCs indicate prolonged infection or bone marrow suppression
Iron (Fe) Males: 80-180 mcg/dL Females: 60-160 mcg/dL
Increased Fe indicate iron excess, hemochromocytosis, liver disorders, megaloblastic anemia
Decreased Fe indicate possible iron deficiency anemia, hemorrhage
Platelets 150,000-400,000
Increased platelets may indicate polycythemia vera or malignancy
Decreased platelets may indicate bone marrow suppression, autoimmune disease, hypersplenism
Prothrombin Time (PT) 11-12.5 seconds
Increased PT indicates possible deficiency of clotting factiors V and VII
Decreased PT may indicate vitamin K excess
Created by: JenMinahan
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