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Ch. 27 vocabulary

Bacterial Diseases and Intoxications of the GI tract

Bacillary dysentary bloody diarrhea caused by Shigella--raspberry jam stool--contains blood and sheets of pus--great numbers of bacilli in stool
Bacteriuria bacteria in the urine
Botulinum toxin so potent that detectable growth (by odor or bulging cans) need not be present for intoxication to result--one ounce can kill population of U.S.
Botulism occurs when canned foods ingested that were not adequately heated to kill all clostridium botulinum spores--absorbed in bloodstream--acts on nerves--sx dizziness, blurred vision, nausea, abd. pain--paralysis, resp. paralysis cause of death
Brucellosis caused by Brucella--in animals and are a common cause of abortion in cattle, swine, sheep, and goats--humans get from handling these animals, their meat, or dairy products--incubation 2-4 weeks--fever, anorexia, abd pain, diarrhea, nausea--fever up/down
Cholera disease caused by Vibrio cholerae--comma-shaped organism--rice water stool, watery appearance with small granules that look like rice grains--massive looses of electrolytes (20L/day)--measure fluid lost and replace with that much volume with electrolytes
Coliform Escherichia coli--common inhabitant of colon--gram neg. bacterium--contains endotoxin--lipid A of LPS--induces fever when bacteria invade--transmission: feces, flies, fingers, foodd and fomites--sanitation is key
Cystitis inflammation of the bladder
Dysentery watery diarrhea with blood, mucus, pain, and fever
Enterotoxin acid stable--E.coli--causes bloody diarrhea, kidney failure, coma and death--transmission--fecal-oral--ABT not useful
Food poisoning enterotoxin secreted by many strains of staphylococcus--lasts 1-6 hours--projectile vomiting
Gastritis inflammation of the stomach
Gastroenteritis inflammation of the stomach and intestinal lining
Intoxication disease produced by a toxin
Pure toxemia stomach acid kills organisms
Rose spots skin hemorrhages that come with typhoid fever
Salmonellosis less severe form of diarrhea--salmonella--transmitted from reptiles--gram-negative rod
Stepladder fever fever that goes up and down each day--typhoid fever
Traveler's diarrhea seen in people who travel to foreign countries and contact E. coli with different enterotoxin
Typhoid fever gran-neg rod--human to human spread--salmonella typhi--intestinal ulcerations, bloody stools, bacteremia, rose spots and stepladder fever--chronic carriage can last entire lifetime
Urinary tract infection (UTI) caused by E. coli--
Zoonosis disease transmission from animal to human
Created by: heatherlvn