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Legal Psyc 17

Wrongful Convictions

QuestionAnswer
What does this refer to? "pushing for a confession because you're sure the person is guilty" Confirmation Bias
What does this refer to? "Disregarding witnesses who don't support your hypothesis" Confirmation Bias
What does this refer to? "pulling out the aspects of lab work that support the side you have been called for while not acknowledging that there are other bits that aren't so persuasive" Confirmation Bias
What does this refer to? "When Rachel write for court, she always makes sure that she has included "counter-explanations, e..g what else could the evidence mean, besides what the lawyer is trying to argue" Confirmation Bias
What does this refer to? "seeking out evidence to confirm one's beliefs while ignoring disconfirming evidence" Confirmation Bias
What does this refer to? "The feeling of discomfort that arises when two beliefs (or a belief and a behaviour) conflict with each other. We act to resolve the dissonance by altering either our belief or our behaviour." Cognitive Dissonance
What does this refer to? "A lecturer who says that everyone should grow up to lectures, but then doesn't show up herself for the final lecture, might resolve the dissonance by saying "but it was snowing and the road wasn't safe to drive on"" Cognitive Dissonance
What does this refer to? "the outside data drive the system. Information is processed at higher and higher levels until a match is finally found with something in memory." Bottom-up processing
What does this refer to? "if you expect to come across a certain pattern, then you (consciously or unconsciously) look for evidence consistent with that pattern" Top-down processing
_____ -________ processing can facilitate the processing of information by making it more efficient and faster. top-down
Does top-down or bottom-up processing help us to interpret ambiguous information or to fill in missing information" Top-down
What does this refer to? "occurs when the processing of bottom up information is mediated by a variety of factors, such as prior experience and knowledge and the person’s beliefs and expectations." Top-down processing
What is this an example of? "There is a pink animal. It has four legs, a snout, and a pink curly tail > a-ha! It’s a pig!" Bottom-up processing
What is this an example of? "Example: when a document has been poorly photocopied so that the first part of each line is missing. Often, you can use what you know about the topic to work out what is written. Your brain helps to you “fill in the gaps.” Top-down processing
Write out both studies in this lecture ...
Study and write out limitations of the reading study ...
Created by: alicemcc33