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68wm6 p2 Test 1

Foundations of Nursing

QuestionAnswer
Ethics Values and beliefs that influence behavior; what ought to be done;Provide standards nursing activities.
Values Learned personal beliefs, evolving from personal experiences and change over one's lifetime
Ethical Knowledge of right and wrong which govern one's decisions; influenced by society (may be written as laws).
Rights Absolute privileges that people have and should expect (Legal & Personal views)
Value Clarification Nurses must reflect on and assess values they hold in order gain insight into individually held values
Principles Douches running Highschools...oh wait, hold on a sec...wrong definition, see next slide
Principles a fundamental, primary, or general law or truth from which others are derived. Specific nursing principles (Ex. All life is sacred, all person have growth and value, every one has right to be treated and respected as human beings ect.)
Autonomy Freedom of choice. Nurse may assist in decision making but can make decisions for patients.
Beneficence Doing what is in the best interest of the patient.
Nonmaleficence Do no harm, provide high quality care.
Code of Ethics Defined as a list of rules of good conduct for members of a particular group; Ours established by NFLPN
What are some Roles of a 68WM6? Soldier, NCO, supervisor/manager, trainer, counselor, care provider
What are some responsibilities of a 68WM6? Emergency medical treatment, nursing care, management/adminstrative tasks, supply & equipment, teaching, personnel management, field sanitation, preventative medicine ect.
What are some Qualities of a 68WM6? Emotionally mature, openminded, fair, consistent, responsivle, courageous, flexible, ect.
What are the four types of Leadership Styles? Autocratic, Democratic, Laissez-faire, & Situational
Team Nursing Patient care accomplished by specific group of nurses and allied health care workers.
What are the five elements of the Patient Caring Touch System? Enhanced Communication, Capability Building, Evidence-Based Practices, Healthy Work Environments, & Patient Advocacy
What are some Economic Factors Effecting Health Care? Rising healthcare cost, aging population, advancement in technology, healthcare insurance, malpractice insurance.
Cross-Training Individuals are trained to do a variety of duties depending on the needs.
What is a MCO? Managed Care Organization; plan and supervise the distribution of healthcare services.
What is a HMO? (Health Maintencance Organization)Group insurance plan. Utilizes "gate keepers", usually a primary physician who authorizes secondary care; member responsible for unauthorized care.
What is a PPO? (Preferred Provider Organization) Network of providers who discount their rates for plan members.
Patient's Bill of Rights Adopted in 1972 by the American Hospital Assoc. Offers guidance and protection during hospitalization.
Law Reference of a rule, principle, or regulation established and made known by a government to protect or restrict people affected.
What are the two basic categories of Laws? Criminal and Civil law
Criminal Law Issue is offensive and detrimental to society as a whole.
Civil Law Conduct that violates a person's rights.
Statutory Law Federal, State, and Local government.
Civil(Common) Law Based on customs and precedent.Refers to decisions of similar cases tried before.
Torts A civil wrong which unfairly causes someone else to suffer loss or harm resulting in legal liability for the person who commits the act(Ex. Negligence, false imprisonment, confidentiality, defamation of character, consent, assault and battery, fraud)
Administrative Law Third type of law that comes from agencies created by legislature (Ex. OSHA, FDA, TBoN)
Standards of Care Guidelines developed to identify appropriate levels of proffessional care.
Who handles Nursing Licensure? Each state writes its own laws and regulations regarding licensure.
Malpractice Practice leading to poor care and patient harm.
Negligence Failing to perform some act that a reasonably prudent person would perform with same education and experience level. Held liable for commision and omission.
Assault Refers to approaching another person in such a way that it poses a threat to touch without permission (can be verbal).
Battery Touching the patient without consent.
Created by: jag2pack