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ATI Pharmacology

NCLEX pharmacology review

QuestionAnswer
-dipin Ca+ channel blocker
-afil Erectile dysfunction drugs
-caine Anesthetics
-pril ACE inhibitor
-pam, -lam Benzodiazepine
-statin Antilipidemic
-asone, -solone Corticosteroid
-olol Beta blocker
-cillin Penicillin
-ide Oral hypoglycemic
-prazole Proton Pump inhibitor
-vir Antiviral
-ase Thromobolytic
-azine Antiemetic
-phylline Bronchodilator
-arin Anticoagulant
-tidine Antiulcer
-zine Antihistamine
-cycline, -floxacin Antibiotic
-mycin Aminoglycoside
-tyline Tricyclic antidepressants
-pram, -ine SSRI
captopril (Capoten) enalapril (Vasotec) fosinopril (Monopril) lisinopril (Prinivil) ACE inhibitors
losartan (Cozaar) valsartan (Diovan) irbesartan (Avapro) ARBS
ACE inhibitors: monitor for non-productive cough, hypotension, monitor potassium level
nifedipine (Adalat, Procardia) verapamil (Calan) diltiazem (Cardizem) amlodipine (Norcasc) Calcium Channel Blockers
ACE inhibitors block the conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II in the lungs
ARBs selectively block the binding of angiotensin II to AT1 receptors found in tissues
Calcium Channel Blockers slows movement of calcium into smooth muscle cells, resulting in arterial dilation and decreased blood pressure
Calcium channel blockers: contraindications contraindicated for clients with heart failure, heart block, or bradycardia; do not consume grapefruit juice
prazosin (Minipress) doxazosin mesylate (Cardura) Alpha Blockers
Alpha Blockers: monitor for dizziness, fainting, take at bedtime, no OTC drugs
clonidine (Catapres) guanfacine HCL (Tenex) methyldopa (Aldomet) Centrally Acting Alpha-2 Agonists SE - black/sore tongue, leukopenia Interventions - notify physician of an involuntary jerky movements, prolonged dizziness, rash, yellowing of skin
metoprolol (Lopressor) atenolol (Tenormin) Selective Beta-blockers
propranolol (Inderal) nadolol (Corgard) labetalol (Normodyne) Non-selective Beta-blockers (DO NOT administer to pts with asthma, bronchospasm or heart failure)
nitroglycerin (Nitrostat IV) nicardipine (Cardene) clevidipine (Cleviprex) enalaprilat (Vasotec IV) Vasodilators
Side effects of Vasodilators profound hypotension, cyanide toxicity, headache, dizziness
digoxin (Lanoxin, Lanoxicaps, Digitek): Precautions thiazide or loop diuretics increase risk of hypokalemia and precipitate dig toxicity
Digoxin toxicity S/S GI effects - anorexia, N/V, abdominal pain CNS effects - fatigue, weakness, diplopia, blurred vision, yellow-green or white halos
Created by: anhodge05