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Ch 12; Criminal law

Criminal law & young people

Juvenile delinquents Children between the ages of 7 and 16-18 (depending on the province) who committed crimes or were considered "unmanageable" or "sexually immoral".
Training schools Custody facilities that provided disciplinary and vocational instruction to juvenile offenders.
Young offenders act Federal legislation that replaced the Juvenile Delinquents Act in 1984.
Young offender Under the Young Offenders Act, a person, at least 12 years of age and under 18, who breaks the criminal law.
Youth Criminal Justice Act Federal legislation that replaced the young offender act in 2003
Incapacity of children The legal presumption that a child under the age of 12 cannot form the necessary mens rea to be convicted of a crime
Extrajudicial sanctions Participating in community based programs instead of going to court
Youth justice court A special court for young people between the ages of 12 and 18 who have been charged with a criminal offence
Youth sentence Punishment imposed on a young person that takes into consideration the principles involved in sentencing people under the age of 18
Custody Sentence entailing confinement within a controlled facility. Usually imposed on a young person who commits a serious crime.
Custody and supervision order A court order that sets out terms and conditions requiring the youth the spend two thirds of the sentence in custody and the last third in the community under supervision
Open custody Sentence directing a youth to stay in a group home or participate in a wilderness camp for a certain period
Youth worker A person appointed to monitor a youths progress in the community
Created by: slslozzy