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Micro_ Ch 1

Microbiology for the Health Sciences

QuestionAnswer
Which of the following individuals is considered to be the " Father of Microbiology?" Anton von Leeuwenhoek
The microbes that usually live on or in a person are collectively referred to as: Indigenous microbflora
Microbes that live on dead and decaying organic material are known as: Saprophytes
The study of algae is called: Phycology
The field of parasitology involves the study of which type of organisms? Arthropods, helminthes, and certain protozoa
Rudolf Virchow is given credit for proposing which of the following theories? Biogenesis
Which of the following microbes are considered obligate intracellcular pathogens? Rickettsias, Chlamydias, and Viruses
Microbes are said to be: Ubiquitous meaning they are virtually everywhere
Which are even smaller than viruses? Prions and Viroids
Who introduced the terms "aerobes" and "anaerobes"? Louis Pasteur
Biology Is the study of living organisms
Acellular microbes Also called: infectious particles, include; viruses, prions
Cellular microbes Also called: microorganisms, include; all bacteria, all archaea, some algae, all protozoa, and some fungi
Algae; examples of diseases they cause: A very rare cause of infections; intoxications (which result from ingestion of toxins)
Bacteria; examples of diseases they cause: Anthrax, botulism, cholera, diarrhea, staph tetanus, diphtheria, ear and eye infections, food poisoning, gas gangrene, gonorrhea, UTI, Legionnaires, Leprosy, Lyme disease, strep, pneumonia, TB, syphilis, meningitis, plague, rocky mountain, whooping cough,
Fungi; examples of diseases they cause: Allergies, cryptococcosis, hisoplasmosis, intoxications, mengitis, pneumonia, thrush, tinea(ringworm), infections, yeast vaginitis
Protozoa; examples of diseases they cause: African sleeping sickness, amebic dysentery, babesiosis, Chagas'disease, giardiasis, malaria, cryptosporidiosis, diarrhea, meningoencephalitis, pneumonia, toxoplasmosis, trichomoniasis,
Viruses; examples of diseases they cause: AIDS, some cancers, bird flu, chickenpox, cold sores, colds, dengue, diarrhea, mumps encephalitis, genital herpes, measles, polio hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS), rabies hemorrhagic fevers, hepatitis, influenza, SARS mononucleosis, warts, monkeypox,
Created by: valorea