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Legal Psyc 16

Dealing with the Guilty Offender

QuestionAnswer
What is this? "Aims to reduce criminal conduct by means of imprisonment or by isolating offenders from the rest of society so that they are unable to commit criminal offences" Incapacitation
What does this refer to? "Giving people punishment such as being put in jail or in home detention so that they cant commit crimes" Incapacitation
There are two types of incapacitation. What are they called? Selective Incapacitation and Collective Incapacitation
Is this selective incapacitation or collective incapacitation? "prevention of crime thru physical restraint of persons selected for confinement on the basis that THEY PERSONALLY will engage in forbidden activities unless physically restrained frm doing so Selective Incapacitation
Is this selective incapacitation or collective incapacitation? "crime prevention accomplished through sentencing laws that are specific to the crime committed. People who commit murder get X amount of years for example" Collective Incapacitation
Retributive Justice follows the idea that you get what you ________ deserve
What is motivated by the theory of "just deserts" (the thing that you deserve) and dictated by moral outrage" Retributive Justice
Retributive justice is not concerned with ________ outcome, merely that the punishment should fit the crime committed future
What type of punishment has given rise to victim participation in sentencing where victim impact _____________ can dictate what the persons punishment is such. The victim might say that the assault should get more time in prison etc statement
When asked to rank the philosophies they believe should guide sentencing,what type of punishment ranks highly in terms of peoples opinion on how someone should get punished Retribution justice
What type of punishment is this? "based on the notion that punishment of the offender should prevent future instances of the offence. So if we give a bad enough punishment, that person wont go and assault or murder again Deterrent Sentencing
There are two types of deterrent sentencing, what are they? Specific and General Deterrence
Is this specific deterrence or general deterrence? "aims to discourage a particular offender from committing crimes - you've done this crime so you'll get X long sentence and after punishment, you wont offend again Specific Deterrent
Is this specific deterrence or general deterrence? "aims to discourage POTENTIAL offenders from committing crimes. It stops people from committing crime because they know that this could be their punishment" General Deterrent
Empirical uncertainty exists as to the extent to which punishment prevents future offending in individuals. ..
To be successful, general deterrence involves emphasising both the _____________ AND the likelihood of apprehension (of being ______). e.g. if you know police will be at every corner during new years so less likely to drink and drive punishment, caught
Because offenders underestimate the chances of being caught drunk driving (general deterrent), high visibility enforcement is needed (road-side breath testing) ...
What does this refer to? "emphasises changes that can and should be brought about in the criminal's behaviour in the interests of the community and the criminal" Rehabilitation
What does this refer to? "Give someone some kind of sentence and within that sentence we try to rehabilitate them and change the things about them that led them to commit the crime" Rehabilitation
What does this refer to? "based on the notion that we can identify and change the social, psychological, psychiatric or other factors outside a person's control that may have wholly or partially contribute contributed to the criminal behaviour" Rehabilitation
What does this refer to? "Looking at what their strengths are and at what factors led them down the path and focus on those factors - like what lecture speaker does" Rehabilitation
What rehabilitation therapy is this? "a therapy that is based on the idea that how we think, how we behave and how we feel all interact together. In mental health context, if they have depression or unhelpful conditions they can work to change these" Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT)
CBT-based rehabilitation programmes are the most successful or not successful? for offenders successful
Important component of rehabilitation is ______ _________ skills (how to interact with your environment to achieve a certain goal in non-criminal ways) problem solving
Another important component of rehabilitation is ___________ (because of background, dont have skills to interact with people in socially healthy and adaptive ways) interpersonal skills
Another important component of rehabilitation is __________ ____________ (seeing what other people do - see other people commit crimes) Social learning
Another important component of rehabilitation are ___________ ______ (similar to interpersonal skills. If you get offenders that punch someone in the face instead of just talking to them and working out the issue) Communication skills
_____ programmes have been successful in treating juvenile offenders, sex offenders and violent offenders CBT
What type of punishment is this? "aims to re-establish victims, offenders and communities following an offence." Restorative Justice punishment
What type of punishment is this? "instead of ignoring victim, it gets everyone together and work out what kind of punishment will make everyone happy" Restorative Justice punishment
There are three examples of Restorative Justice. They are Sentencing Circles, Indigenous Courts and Reintegrative Shaming... ...
Is this Sentencing Circles, Indigenous Courts or Reintegrative Shaming? (types of Restorative justice). "With aboriginal community sometimes judges aren't good at understand. what goin on within an indigenous community get aboriginal elder to give opinion Indigenous courts
Is this Sentencing Circles, Indigenous Courts or Reintegrative Shaming? (types of Restorative justice) "community members actively assist the justice authorities by talking about impact on community and their view on what punishment would help" Sentencing Circles
Is this Sentencing Circles, Indigenous Courts or Reintegrative Shaming? (types of Restorative justice) "Family Group Conferences in New Zealand" Reintegrative Shaming
Created by: alicemcc33