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Blume-Life Science Ch. 9 Part 1

Unlike animal cells, plant cells have ____ _____, which provide structure & protection. cell walls
Most plant cells contain the green pigment ___________. chlorophyll
______________ is the process where plants use chlorophyll to make food. Photosynthesis
Chlorophyll is found in a cell structure called ___________. chloroplast
Many plant cells contain ___________- red, yellow, or orange pigments that are also used for photosynthesis. carotenoids
The ________ is the waxy, protective layer sereted onto the surface of the plant which holds water in. cuticles
To increase support, cell walls contain _________, a chemical compound that provides structure & support. cellulose
To reproduce, plants developed water-resistant _____ & ______. seeds & spores.
_______ plants use tubelike structures to carry water & nutrients throughout the plant Vascular
__________ plants do not have tubelike structures and use other ways to move water & nutrients. Nonvascular
Look at your carrot diagram Look at your carrot diagram
_____ & __________ are examples of vascular plants. trees & sunflowers
____ & _________ are examples of nonvascular plants. moss & liverwort
_____ _____ are inside the cortex, these tubelike cells carry water & minerals. Xylem cells
______ _____ are inside the cortex, these tubelike cells carry food in the plant. Phloem cells
Very small plants that have _______ rather than roots. rhizoids
They grow in ____ locations. damp
Water is absorbed and distributed directly through ____ _____. cell walls
They reproduce by ______ rather than _____. spores; seeds
_______ _______- organisms that are the first to grow in a new or disturbed ares and they change _____________ conditions so bigger plants can come in and survive. Pioneer species; environmental
_____ are the largest group of seedless vascular plants. Ferns
Ferns have leaves that are called ______. fronds
Ferns reproduce by ______ found on the back of their fronds. spores
Created by: gmei