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PATHO

3RD QUARTER

TermDefinition
ABDOMINAL HERNIA TEAR IN THE MUSCULAR ABDOMINAL WALL
ADHESION SCAR TISSUE FORMS AND LOOPS OF THE BOWEL ADHERE TOGETHER
ANASARCA GENERALIZED MASSIVE EDEMA
ANEMIA DECREASE IN RBC, HEMOGLOBIN OR BOTH
PRIMARY ANEMIA DECREASE PRODUCTION
SECONDARY ANEMIA DESTRUCTION OF RBC
PERNICIOUS ANEMIA RED, PAINFUL TONGUE
APLASTIC ANEMIA (PRIMARY) STOPPAGE OF BLOOD CELL FORMATION IN BONE MARROW
SICKLE CELL ANEMIA (SECONDARY) genetic defect in manufacture of hemoglobin
ANEURYSM BLOOD FILLED SACLIKE DILATION OF THE WALL OF AN ARTERY
CEREBRAL ANEURYSM STROKE
AORTA ANEURYSM SYPHILLIS
DISSECTING ANEURYSM SEPARATION BETWEEN THE WALL OF AN ARTERY
SACCULAR ANEURYSYM BULGING SAC
FUSIFORM ANEURYSM SWELLING AROUND ENTIRE ARTERY
APHTHOUS STOMATITIS AKA CANKER SORES TINY WHIULCERS THAT FORM IN THE MOUTH
APPENDICITIS INFLAMMATION OF THE VERMIFORM APPENDIX
ARTERIOSCLEROSIS HARDENING OF THE ARTERIES
ARTERITIS INFLAMMATION INVOLVING ARTERIES
ASCITES EDEMA IN THE ABDOMINAL CAVITY
ATHEROSCLEROSIS PLAQUE IN THE WALLS OF ARTERIES
BILE CONTAINS BILIRUBIN, BILIRUBIN CAUSES JAUNDICE
BLOOD PRESSURE RESISTANCE OF BLOOD FLOW *SYSTOLIC # IS 1ST DIASTOLIC (FILL BACK UP WITH BLOOD) IS 2ND
BRADYCARDIA SLOW HEART BEAT
CARCINOMA MALIGNANT TUMOR
CARDIOMYOPATHY DISEASE OF THE HEART MUSCLE
CHOLANGITIS INFLAMMATION OF THE BILE DUCTS
CHOLECYSTITIS INFLAMMATION OF THE GALLBLADDER
CHOLELITHIASIS FORMATION OF GALL STONES
CIRCULATORY SHOCK REDUCTION OF BLOOD FLOW IN THE BODY
CIRRHOSIS A DEGENRATION/ATROPHY OF THE PARENCHYMA CELLS OF AN ORGAN WITH HYPERTROPHY OF THE INTERSTIAL CONNECTIVE TISSUE; CAUSES SEVER LIVER PROBLEMS
COAGULATION BLOOD CLOT FORMING
COLD SORES/ FEVER BLISTERS CAUSED BY HERPES SIMPLEX 1
COLITIS INFLAMMATION OF THE MUCOUS MEMBRANE OF THE COLON
CONGENITAL DISEASE BEGINS BEFORE BIRTH
CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE HEART IS NOT ABLE TO PUMP BLOOD ADEQUATELY TO MEET THE BODY'S NEEDS. SYMPTOMS INCLUDE: RIGHT SIDE OF HEART=SWOLLEN ANKLES LEFT SIDE OF HEART= CONGESTION IN LUNGS
CYANOSIS BLUISH APPEARANCE OF THE SKIN FROM DEFICIENT OXYGENATION OF BLOOD
CYSTITIS INFLAMMATION OF THE BLADDER
DEFIBULATE PUT BACK INTO SINUS RHYTHM
DEFICIENCY DISEASE DUE TO LACK OF DIETARY SUBSTANCE
DEHYDRATION AKA DESSICATION; DECREAS IN TOTAL BODY FLUID
DIGESTIVE SYSTEM PATHWAY PHARYNX, ESOPHAGUS, STOMACH, SMALL INTESTINE, CECUM(CONNECTS SMALL/LARGE INTESTINE TOGETHER), LARGE INTESTINE, COLON RECTUM, ANUS
DILATION INCREASE IN SIZE OF HEART DUE TO STRETCHING OF MUSCLE FIBERS
DIVERTICULA SINGULAR SMALL SAC IN WALLS OF HOLLOW ORGANS
DIVERICULITITIS INFLAMMATION OF DIVERTICULA
DIVERTICULOSIS THE PRESENCE OF A # OF DIVERTICULA OF THE INTESTINE
DRY GANGRENE WHEN THE BODY THAT DIES HAD LITTLE BLOOD AND REMAINS ASEPTIC. OCCURS WHEN THE ARTERIES (NOT THE VEINS) ARE OBSTRUCTED
ECCHYMOSIS BRUISE; PURPLISH PATCH CAUSE BY EXTRAVASATION OF BLOOD INTO THE SKIN
EDEMA AKA DROPSY; EXCESSIVE FLUID IN TISSUES
EMBOLISM FOREIGN MATTER CARRIED IN THE BLOODSTREAM
ENDOCARDITIS INFLAMMATION OF THE ENDOCARDIUM (LINING OF THE HEART)
ENTERITIS INFLAMMATION OF THE INTESTINE
EPISTAXIS NOSEBLEED
ERYTHROBLASTOSIS FETALIS (SECONDARY ANEMIA) MOTHER WHO IS RH- CARRIES A CHILD WHO IS RH+
ERYTHROBLASTS IMMATURE RBC
ERYTHROCYTES RED BLOOD CELLS (RBC)
ERYTHROCYTOSIS INCREASE IN RBC (PHYSIOLOGICAL)
ESOPHAGITIS INFLAMMATION OF THE ESOPHAGUS *ACUTE=OVER EATING CHRONIC=GERD
EXUDATE FLUID EXUDING FROM BLOOD BESSELS AND DEPOSITED IN TISSUES DUE TO INFLAMMATION
FIBULATE CONTRACTION IS ERRATIC AND THE BLOOD MOVES AS DESIGNED
FORMEN OVALE IN ATRIAL SEPTUM OF FETUS; BYPASS ALLOWS BLOOD FLOW FROM RIGHT ATRIUM DIRECTLY INTO LEFT ATRIUM; PLACENTS IS RESPIRATORY ORGAN FOR FETUS
GANGRENE NECROSIS COMBINED WITH PUTREFACTON
GASTRITIS INFLAMMATION OF THE STOMACH
GINGIVITIS INFLAMMATION OF THE GIGIVAL TISSUE IN THE MOUTH
GLOSSITIS INFLAMMATION OF THE TONGUE
HEART PLUMP, MUSCULAR ORGAN THAT HAS 3 PARTS
3 PARTS OF THE HEART ENDOCARDIUM, MYOCARDIUM, EPICARDIUM
ENDOCARDIUM INNER LAYER OF HEART
MYOCARDIUM MIDDLE MUSCLE LAYER
EPICARDIUM OUTER LAYER
PERIDCARDIUM DOUBLE LAYERED SAC COVERING THE HEART
ATRIUM RECEIVING CHAMBER OF OXYGEN POOR BLOOD
VENTRICLES PUMPING CHAMBER FOR OXYGEN RICH BLOOD
HEMAPERICARDIUM BLEEDING INTO PERICARDIAL CAVITY
HEMAPERITONEUM BLEEDING INTO PERITONEAL CAVITY
HEMATEMESIS VOMITTING OF BLOOD
HEMATOMA BLOOD CYST
HEMOGLOBINOPATHY MAKING WRONG PROTEIN; SOMETHING IS WRONG WITH YOUR HEMOGLOBIN
HEMOPHILIA INHERITED HEMORRHAGIC DISEASE, SPONTANEOUS BLEEDING
HEMOPTYSIS BLEEDING FROM THE LUNGS OR BRONCHIAL TUBES
HEMORRHAGE BLEEDING, FLOW OF BLOOD
HEMORRHOIDS VARICOSE VEINS IN THE RECTUM
HEMOTHORAX BLEEDING IN TO THE PLEURAL CAVITY
HEPATITIS A AKA INFECTIOUS HEPATITIS (HAV)-FOOD/WATER BORNE ILLNESS
HEPATITIS B AKA SERUM HEPATITIS (HVB)-BLOOD BORNE PATHOGEN THROUGH BODY FLUIDS
HEPATITIS C (HCV) AKA NON-A NON-B "SILENT EPIDEMIC" KILLING MORE PEOPLE THAN AIDS IN THE USA
HEPATITIS INFLAMMATION OF THE LIVER
HERNIA PROTRUSION OF AN ORGAN THROUGH THE WALLS OF THE CAVITY IN WHICH IT IS CONTAINED
UMBILICAL HERNIA OCCURS IN INFANTS
HIATAL HERNIA STOMACH PART THROUGH THE ESOPHAGEAL
STANGULATED HERNIA BLOOD SUPPLY IS PINCHED OFF RESULTING IN NECROSIS AND GANGRENE
INGUIRAL HERNIA GROIN AREA
HYDROPERICARDIUM ABNORMAL ACCUMULATION OF FLUID WITHIN THE PERICARDIAL SAC
HYDROTHORAX NON INFLAMMATORY EFFUSION OF SEROUS FLUID IN THE PLEURAL CAVITY
HYPEREMIA AKA CONGESTION; INCREASED AMOUNT OF BLOOD IN A PART
ACTIVE HYPEREMIA PURPOSEFULLY PUT PHYSIOLOGICAL -EXERCISE PATHOLOGICAL-INJURY
PASSIVE HYPEREMIA (ALWAYS PATHOLOGICAL)-VENOUS DRAINAGE FROM AN AREA IS DECREASE; BLOOD CLOTS
HYPERTENSION HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE
HYPOSTATIC CONGESTION BLOOD SETTLES IN THE DEPENDENT PARTS OF THE LIVING BODY
IDIOPATHIC SPONTANEOUS DISEASE WITHOUT RECOGNIZABLE CAUSE
INFARCTION NECROSIS IN A TISSUE CAUSED BY OBSTRUCTION IN THE ARTERY SUPPLYING THE AREA
INFLAMMATION MORBID CHANGE PRODUCED IN THE TISSUES BY IRRITANT
INTUSSUSCEPTION SLIPPING/TELESCOPING OF INTESTINE
ISCHEMIA LOCAL ANEMIA; TEMPORARY LACK OF BLOOD SUPPLY TO AN AREA
JAUNDICE YELLOWISH STAINING; EXCRETIONS OF BILE PIGMENTS
LARGE INTESTINE ASCENDING COLONG, TRANSVERSE COLON, DESCENDING COLON, SIGMOID COLON
LEUCOCYTOSIS INCREASE OF WBC IN THE BLOOD
LEUKEMIA AKA "WHITE BLOOD" THE WBC GROWTH/DEVELOPMENT IS OUT OF CONTROL
LEUKOCYTES WHITE BLOOD CELLS *5 KIND (NEVER LET MONKEYS EAT BANANAS)
LEUKOPENIA LOW WBC COUNT;OPPOSITE OF LEUKMIA
LIVER MOST COMPLEX, HAS 3 LOBES, SECRETES BILE, STORES EXCESS GLUCOSE, DETOX BODY
MELENA TARRY FECES, BLACK VOMIT
MENINGITIS INFLAMMATION OF THE MEMBRANES OF THE BRAIN OR SPINAL CORD
MOIST (WET) GANGRENE NECROTIC TISSUE THAT IS WET, AS A RESULT OF INADEQUATE VENOUS DRAINAGE; INVASION OF SAPROPHYTIC BACTERIA
MUCOUS PATCHES INFLAMMATORY LESIONS IN THE MOUTH (CAUSED BY TREPONEMA PALLIDUM)
MYELITIS INFLAMMATION OF THE SPINAL CORD OR THE BONE MARROW
MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION HEART ATTACK; DAMAGE TO THE MYOCARDIUM
MYOCARDITIS INFLAMMATION OF THE MUSCULAR WALLS OF THE HEART
OCCLUSION BLOCKING OFF/CLOSING OFF
PANCREATITIS INFLAMMATION OF THE PANCREAS (IDIOPATHIC)
PARLYSIS LACK OF BLOOD SUPPLY TO THE INTESTINE
PAROXYSMAL COMES AND GOES
PATENT DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS OPENING BETWEEN THE PULMONARY AND AORTA, FAILURE TO CLOSE
PEPTIC ULCER IN MUCOUS MEMBRANE OF STOMACH OR DUODENUM; CAUSED BY THE ACTION OF HIGHLY ACIDIC GASTRIC JUICE
PERICARDITIS INFLAMMATION OF THE PERICARDIUM
PERITONITIS INFLAMMATION OF THE PERITONEUM (LINING OF THE ABDOMINAL CAVITY)
PETECHIA PINHEAD RED SPOT DUE TO LEAKAGE OF THE CAPILLARY
PHARYNGITIS INFLAMMATION OF THE PHARYNX
PHLEBITIS INFLAMMATION OF THE VEIN
PLATELETS THROMBOCYTES
POLYCYTHEMIA VERA INCREASE IN TOTOAL RBC MASS
PREDISPOSING FACTORS OF CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE HEREDITY, OBESITY, DIET, DIABETES, STRESS, ADDICTIONS
PROCTITIS INFLAMMATION OF THE RECTUM
PROLAPSE TURNING BACKWARDS INTO ATRIUM AFFECTING THE MITRAL/BICUSPID VALVE
PURPURA AN AFFECTION CHARACTERIZED BY HEMORRHAGE INTO THE SKIN
PYELITIS INFLAMMATION OF THE PELVIS OF THE KIDNEY
RHEUMATIC FEVER FEBRILE, SYSTEMATIC, CAUSES ASCHOFFS BODIES (SMALL NODULES), USUALLY IN MITRAL VALVE
RHINITIS INFLAMMATION OF THE NASAL MUCOUS MEMBRANE
SEPTAL DEFECT MOST COMMON MIXING OF BLOOD BETWEEN RIGHT/LEFT SIDES FO THE HEART BECAUSE OF HOLE
SINUSITIS INFLAMMATION OF THE SINUS CAVITITES
SMALL INTESTINE DUODENUM, JEJUNUM,ILEUM
STENOSIS NARROWING OF ANY CANAL/VALVE
STOMATITIS INFLAMMATION OF THE MOUTH
SYNCOPE FAINTING; MILD FORM OF SHOCK
TACHYCARDIA RAPID HEART BEAT
THROMBOCYTOPENIA DECREASED PLATELETS IN THE BLOOD
THROMBOSIS FORMATION OF A CLOT IN A BLOOD VESSEL
THRUSH FUNGAL INFECTION OF THE MOUTH *CAUSED BY CANDIDA ALBICANS
TONSILITIS INFLAMMATION OF THE TONSILS
ULCER A LESION OF A CUTANEOUS OR MUCOUS SURFACE
VARICOSE VEIN VARICES, VEINS DIALATED AND TORTUOUS
VOLVULUS TWISTING LOOP OF INTESTINES
INTESTINAL INFECTIONS AMOEBIC DYSENTERY, TYPHOID FEVER, BACILLARY DYSENTERY, TUBERCULOSIS
CAUSES OF FOOD POISONING STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS, CLOSTRIDIUM PERFRINGENS, CLOSTRIDIUM BOTULINUM
A -PREFIX WITHOUT OR NOT
ACRO -PREFIX EXTREMITY
ADENO -PREFIX GLAND
AN -PREFIX WITHOUT
ANTE -PREFIX BEFORE
ANTI -PREFIX AGAINST
ARTHRO -PREFIX JOINT
AUTO -PREFIX SELF
BIO -PRFIX LIFE
CHOL -PRFIX BILE
CYST -PREFIX BLADDER
DIA -PREFIX THROUGH
DYS -PREFIX DIFFICULT
EN -PREFIX IN
ENDO -PREFIX WITHIN
ENTERO -PREFIX INTESTINE
EPI -PREFIX UPON
EX -PREFIX OUT OF
HEM, HEMO -PREFIX BLOOD
HETERO -PREFIX DISSIMILAR
HOMEO -PREFIX SIMILAR
HYDRO -PREFIX WATER
HYPER -PREFIX ABOVE OR EXCESS
HYPO -PREFIX DEFICIENCY OR BENEATH
HYSTER -PREFIX UTERUS
INFRA -PREFIX BELOW
INTER -PREFIX WITHIN
LEUKO -PREFIX WHITE
MACRO -PREFIX LARGE
MAL -PREFIX BAD
MAST -PREFIX BREAST
MEGA -PREFIX GREAT
MELAN -PREFIX THICK
MEN -PREFIX MONTH
MICRO -PREFIX SMALL
MYO -PREFIX MUSCLE
MYX -PREFIX MUCUS
NECRO -PREFIX DEATH
NEO -PREFIX NEW
NEPHR -PREFIX KIDNEY
OLIGO -PREFIX FEW
OSTEO -PREFIX BONE
PERI -PREFIX AROUND
PHAGO -PREFIX TO EAT
PHLEB -PREFIX VEIN
POLIO -PREFIX GRAY
POLY -PREFIX MANY, EXCESS
POST -PREFIX AFTER
PRO -PREFIX BEFORE
PSEUDO -PREFIX FALSE
PYO -PREFIX PUS
SYN -PREFIX TOGETHER WITH
XANTHO -PREFIX YELLOW
ALGIA PAIN
ANGIO VESSEL
ASE ENZYME
CELE A PROTRUSION
CENTESIS PERFORATING
CHOLE BILE
ECTASIS DILATE
EXTOMY REMOVAL OF
EMESIS VOMIT
EMIA BLOOD
ESTHESIA SENSATION
GENESIS GENERATION OF
IASIS A PROCESS
ITIS INFLAMMATION OF
LITH STONE
LYSIS TO DISSOLVE
MALACIA SOFTENING
MEGALY LARGE
ODYNIA PAIN
OID LIKE
OMA TUMOR
OSIS FULL OFF
OSTOMY MOUTH
PATHY DISEASE
PENIA POVERTY, DECREASE
PHILA AFFINITY FOR
PLASIA TO FORM
PLEGIA PARALYSIS
PNEA BREATH
PTOSIS FALLING
RHAGIA BURSTING FORTH
RHEA FLOW
SCLEROSIS HARDENING
STASIS STANDING STILL
TROPHY NOURISH
URIA RELATING TO URINE
Created by: lmh1020122