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SHMS 7th Sci Vocab 3

SHMS 7th Grade Science Vocab 3

Mutualism a relationship between two species of organisms in which both benefit from the association.
Commensalism a type of relationship between two species of a plant, animal, fungus, etc., in which one organism benefits while the other one is neither harmed or helped.
Parasitism A symbiotic relationship in which one organism (the parasite) benefits and the other (the host) is generally harmed.
symbiosis is an interaction between individuals of different biological species. At least one of the organisms receives a benefit from the interaction. The other organism can either receive a benefit, be harmed, or not be affected in any way.
competition the struggle between individuals of the same ordifferent species for food, space, light, etc, when these are inadequate to supply the needs of all
diversity variety
classification the assignment of organisms to groups within asystem of categories distinguished by structure, origin, etc. The usual series of categories is phylum (or, especially in botany, division ), class, order, family, genus, species, and variety.
Population all of the members of a species living in the same area.
Community certain types of plants and animals living in close proximity to each other. Examples include a densely wooded area
biotic factors in an environment include the organisms themselves. Example: animals, plants, and bacteria.
abiotic factors in an environment that are not living which include such items as sunlight, temperature, wind patterns, and precipitation.
terrestrial biome growing on land; not aquatic.
aquatic ecosystem living or growing in water
population the collection of a specific type of organism living in a given area.
community A group of organisms or populations living and interacting with one another in a particular environment.
biome a complex biotic community characterized by distinctive plant and animal species and maintained under the climatic conditions of the region.
ecosystem a system involving the interactions between a community of living organisms in a particular area and its nonliving environment
photosynthesis the process through which green plants and some other organisms use the energy of sunlight to make food: The process through which carbon dioxide and water is used to produce glucose and oxygen.
prey an organism that is caught and eaten by a predator.
predator an organism that catches and feeds on another organism known as the prey.
Created by: hbogue