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MedTerm Ch. one

QuestionAnswer
-algia pain, painful condition (example: Arthr-algia means painful joints. Algia = painful. Arthr = joints)
Dys- bad, difficult, painful (Example: dys-uria means difficulty peeing. Dys=difficulty. Uria = peeing)
-ectomy surgical removal, cutting out (Example: append-ectomy means surgical removal of the appendix.)
Hyper- high,excessive, increased (Example: Hypertension means excessive blood pressure. Hyper = excessive. Tension = pressure)
Hypo- low,deficient, decreased (Example: Hypotension means deficient blood pressure. Hypo = low. Tension = pressure.)
-it is inflammation (Example: Gastritis means inflammation of the stomach. Gastr/o = means stomach. It is means inflammation.)
-osis abnormal condition
-ostomy the surgical creation of an artificial opening to the body surface
-plasty surgical repair
-rrhage bleeding, abnormal excessive fluid discharge
-rrhapy surgical suturing
-rrhea flow or discharge
-rrhexis rupture
-sclerosis abnormal hardening (example: arterio– sclerosis means hardening of the arteries)
-algia pain, painful condition (example: Arthr-algia means painful joints. Algia = painful. Arthr = joints)
Dys- bad, difficult, painful (Example: dys-uria means difficulty peeing. Dys=difficulty. Uria = peeing)
-ectomy surgical removal, cutting out (Example: append-ectomy means surgical removal of the appendix.)
Hyper- high,excessive, increased (Example: Hypertension means excessive blood pressure. Hyper = excessive. Tension = pressure)
Hypo- low,deficient, decreased (Example: Hypotension means deficient blood pressure. Hypo = low. Tension = pressure.)
-it is inflammation (Example: Gastritis means inflammation of the stomach. Gastr/o = means stomach. It is means inflammation.)
-osis abnormal condition
-ostomy the surgical creation of an artificial opening to the body surface
-plasty surgical repair
-rrhage bleeding, abnormal excessive fluid discharge
-rrhapy surgical suturing
-rrhea flow or discharge
-rrhexis rupture
-sclerosis abnormal hardening (example: arterio– sclerosis means hardening of the arteries)
Cyan/o blue (Example: cyanosis means condition of being blue. Cyano = blue. Osis = condition of)
Erythr/o Red (erythrocyte means red blood cell. Erythr/o = red. Cyte = cell.)
Melan/o black (melanosis means condition of being black. Melan/o = black. Osis = condtion of or disease)
Leuk/o white
Poli/o gray
Gastr/o stomach
Enter/o small intestine
Neur/o nerve
Tonsill tonsils
Name five suffixes that are noun endings. -a, -um, -y, -e, -us
-ac pertaining to
-al pertaining to
-an pertaining to
-ar pertaining to
-ary pertaining to
-eal pertaining to
-ical pertaining to
-ial pertaining to
-ic pertaining to
-ine pertaining to
-ior pertaining to
-ory pertaining to
-ous pertaining to
-tic pertaining to
-ago abnormal condition
-esis abnormal condition
-ia abnormal condition
-iasis abnormal condition
-ion abnormal condition
-ism abnormal condition
-osis abnormal condition
Path disease
-ology the study of
Pathology the study of disease
-algia pain
Gastr/o stomach
Gastralgia stomach pain
-dynia pain
Gastr/o stomach
Gastrodynia stomach pain
-itis inflammation
Gastritis inflammation of the stomach
-megaly enlargement
Hepato liver
Hepatomegaly enlarged liver
-malacia abnormal softening
Arteri/o Artery
Arteriomalacia abnormal softening of the arteries
-necrosis tissue death
Arteri/o Artery
Arterionecrosis tissue death of an artery or arteries
-sclerosis abnormal hardening
Arteri/o Artery
Arteriosclerosis abnormal hardening of the arteries
-stenosis abnormal narrowing
Arteriostenosis abnormal narrowing of the arteries
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid for diagnostic purposes or to remove excess fluid ( sticking a needle in to pull fluid out)
Abdomin/o abdomen
Abdominocentesis procedure of surgically puncturing the abdomen to remove fluid
-graphy to produce a picture or record of
Angio blood vessel
Angiography to produce a picture of blood vessels
-gram picture or record
Angio blood vessels
Angiogram a picture of blood vessels
-plasty surgical repair
Myo muscle
Myoplast repair of a muscle
-scopy visual examination ( to look inside)
Arthr/o joint
Arthroscopy to look inside a joint
-rrhage and rrhagia bleeding, abnormal excessive fluid discharge
Hem/o blood
Hemorrhage excessive discharge of blood
-rrhapy surgical suturing to close a wound ( using sutures, staples, or surgical glue)
Myo muscle
Myorrhapy surgical suturing of a muscle wound
-rrhea flow or discharge of most body fluids
Dia through
Diarrhea body fluids flowing through ( to put it nicely)
-rrhexis rupture
Myo muscle
Myorrhexis ruptured muscle
Nat birth
-al pertaining to
Pre- before
Prenatal the time and events before birth
Peri around
Nat birth
-al pertaining to
Perinatal time and events surrounding birth
Post after
Nat birth
Al pertaining to
Postnatal the time and events after birth
Ab- away from
Ad- toward, to, in the direction of
Dextr/o right side
Sinister/o left side
Ex – out of, outside, away from
In- in, into, not , without
Macr/o- large, abnormal size, or long
Micr/o small
Mega-, megal/o large, great
Olig/o scanty, few
Pre- before
Post- after
Ab - away from
Ad- toward
Dys - bad, difficult, painful
Eu- good, normal, well, easy
Pnea breathing
Eupnea normal breathing
Inter- between, among
-stitial tissue
Interstitial between the parts of the tissue
Intra - within, or inside
Muscul/o muscle
Intramuscular within the muscle
Sub- under
Super-, supra above, excessive
Costal ribs
Subcostal under the ribs
Supra costal above the ribs
Oto ear
Rhino nose
Laryng larynx or throat
-ology the study of
Otorhinolaryngology the study of the ear, nose, and throat
Abbreviation for Ear Nose and Throat doctor also known as an otorhinolaryngologist ENT
Lith stone
-Otomy surgical incision
Lithotomy surgical incision to remove a stone
Lithotomy position position in which a patient is laying on her back with her feet and legs raised in the air
Appendic appendix
-it is inflammation
Appendicitis inflammation of the appendix
Edema abnormal swelling caused by a collection of fluid in the cells, tissues or cavities of the body
Phalanges finger bones
Phalanx a single finger bone
End- within
Arteri/o artery
-al pertaining to
Endoarterial pertaining to the interior or lining of an artery
Ather/o plaque or fatty substance
-oma tumor
Athroma fatty tumor within the wall of an artery
Arthr/o joint
-algia pain
Arthralgia painful joints
-ectomy surgical removal
Append appendix
Appendectomy surgical removal of the appendix
-ostomy surgical creation of an artificial opening to the body surface
Col colon
Colostomy the surgical creation of an artificial excretory opening from the colon to the outside of the body (surgically create a new butthole)
What the difference between a sign, a symptom, and a syndrome? The patient has to tell you about a symptom. You can measure or see a sign. A syndrome is a set of signs and symptoms that go with a certain disease.
Define diagnosis. identification of a disease
What’s the abbreviation for diagnosis? DX
Define differential diagnosis. an attempt to determine which of several diseases could be causing the signs and symptoms present
What’s the abbreviation for differential diagnosis? D/DX
Define acute. rapid onset, relatively short duration
Define chronic. condition of long duration such as chronic back pain
Define remission. The temporary, partial, or complete disappearance of the symptoms of a disease without having achieved a cure.
Define disease. condition in which one or more body parts are not functioning normally
Define eponym. a disease, structure, operation, or procedure named for the person who discovered it such as Alzheimer’s disease (discovered by German neurologist Alois Alzheimer)
Define Acronym. a word formed from the beginning letters of long name (such as LASER – Light Amplification Stimulated Emission of Radiation)
Fissure groove or crack-like sore of the skin, or normal folds in the contours of the brain
Fistula An abnormal passage usually between two organs or from an organ to the outside of the body due to surgery, injury, or the draining of an abscess
Ileum the last portion of the small intestine
Ilium part of the hip bone
Infection invasion of the body by a pathogenic organism
Pathogenic disease producing
Malaise feeling of general discomfort or uneasiness that is often the first indication of an infection or other disease
Exudate fluid or pus, that leaks out of an infected wound
What are the four key indicators of inflammation? erythema (redness), hyperthermia (warmth/heat), edema (swelling), and pain
Laceration torn, jagged or accidental cut wound
Lesion pathologic change to the skin due to disease or injury
Mucous describes membranes that line body cavities such as the mucous membranes of the nasal cavity
Mucus fluid produced by mucous membranes
Myc/o fungus
-osis abnormal condition or disease
Mycosis abnormal condition or disease caused by fungus
Myel/o bone marrow or spinal cord
-pathy disease
Myelopathy disease of the spinal cord or bone marrow
My/o muscle
-pathy disease
Myopathy disease of the muscle tissue
Dermat skin
-ologist specialist
Dermatologist physician that specializes in disorders of the skin
Neo- new
Nat birth
-ology study of
Neonatology the study of disorders of the newborn
Palpation using the hands to assess a patient
Palpitation pounding or racing heart
Pyel/o renal (kidney) pelvis
-it is inflammation
Pyelitis inflammation of the renal pelvis
Py/o pus
Derma skin
Pyoderma a pus forming skin condition
Pyr/o fever or fire
-osis abnormal condition or disease
Pyrosis heartburn – abnormal condition of fire caused by stomach acid regurgitated to the esophagus
Supination turning of the palm upward
Suppuration formation or discharge of pus
Triage screening of patients to see who needs to be seen first on bases of the urgency/ seriousness and treatability of their condition
Trauma injury resulting from accident, shooting, natural disaster, or fire
Viral pertaining to a virus
Virile having the nature properties, or qualities of an adult male
Created by: denniscando2