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Heat and Winds

QuestionAnswer
The average amount of energy of motion of each particle of a substance. Temperature
Air temperature is usually measured with a __________________. Thermometer
The total energy of motion in the particles of a substance. Thermal energy
Heat can be transferred in one of these three ways... Radiation, Conduction, Convection
The transfer of thermal energy from a hotter object to a cooler one. Heat
The direct transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves. Radiation
The direct transfer of heat from one substance to another substance that it is touching. Conduction
The transfer of heat by the movement of a fluid. Convection
The upward movement of warm air and the downward movement of cool air. Convection currents
The horizontal movement of air from an area of high pressure to an area of lower pressure. Wind
__________________ are caused by differences in air pressure. Winds
Wind speed is measured with a(n) __________________. Anemometer
These are winds that blow over short distances. Local winds
Local winds are caused by the ________________ heating of Earth's surface within a small area. Unequal
A __________________ is a local wind that blows from an ocean or lake. Sea
A __________________ is a local wind that blows from land to a body of water. Land
These are winds that blow steadily from specific directions over long distances. Global winds
How are local winds and global winds similar and different? They both are created by unequal heating of Earth's surface, but global winds occur over a large area.
The way Earth's rotation makes winds curve is called the _______________________. Coriolis effect
These global winds play an important part in the weather of the United States. The blow from west to east. Prevailing westerlies
The __________________ occur in an area near the equator with little or no wind. Doldrums
The __________________ are bands of high-speed winds that are about 10 kilometers above Earth's surface. Jet streams
Warm air is _____________ dense than cold air. Less
Cold air is _____________ dense than warm air. More
Warmer air in an area creates an area of ____________ pressure. Low
Cooler air in an area creates an area of ____________ pressure. High
Within the troposphere, heat is transferred mostly by _____________. Convection
Is the air along the equator an area of high or low pressure? Low pressure
Winds blow from an area of ____________ pressure to an an area of ____________ pressure. High, low (or lower)
Created by: larissa1003