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BIOLOGY MEMBRANE

TermDefinition
Cell Membrane Thin structure that surrounds the cytoplasm and nucleus of plant and animal cells
Cell Wall The stiff structure outside the cell membrane in a plant cell; provides support
Chloroplasts An organelle located in the cytoplasm in plant cells that contains chlorphyll
Chromosomes Located in the nucleus, they contain the code that controls the cell and transmits heredity characteristics
Cytoplasm A jellylike substance filling the cell that provides energy in the cell
Endoplasmic Reticulum An organelle found throughout the cytoplasm that transports material through a cell
Golgi Bodies An organelle that manufactures and moves material in the cytoplasm of the cell
Mitochondria An organelle in the cytoplasm that produces energy in a cell
Nuclear Membrane A thin layer that surrounds the nucleus and seperates it from the rest of the cell
Nucleus The control center for most of a cell"s activities
Ribosomes An organelle located on the endoplasmic reticulum that provides protein for the cells
Vacuole An organelle in the cytoplasm that stores water, food, and wastes in a cell that helps get rid of waste
Prokaryote Organisms without a cell nucleus
Eukaryote Organisms with a cell nucleus
Mitosis The process by which a cell separates the chromosomes in its cell nucleus into two identical sets, in two separate nuclei.
Meiosis When cells divide half their chromosomes into their offspring to create a unique offspring
Monomer a molecule that is able to bond in long chains.
Polymer can be made up of thousands of monomer.
Carbohydrates an organic compound that consists only of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Provides energy
Lipids Fat, oils, waxes
Proteins large biological molecules consisting of one or more chains of amino acids.
Nucleic Acids large biological molecules essential for all known forms of life
Created by: a0405211