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Weather Chapter 11

Science Test

What are global winds that blow constantly from the same direction? Prevailing winds
What are the movements of air that result from local changes in temperature. Local winds
What is the pattern of weather an area experiences over a long time? Climate
What is the condition of the atmosphere at a particular time? Weather
What is the weather in Maritime Tropical? Humid and warm
What is the weather in Maritime Polar? Humid and cold
What is the weather in Continental Polar? Dry and cold
What is the weather in Continental Tropical? Dry and warm
What is the difference between a barometer and a thermometer? A barometer measures the pressure of the surrounding. A thermometer measures the temperature of the air.
_________ air is denser than ________ air. Cold air is denser than warm air. Cold air has more pressure.
Does air pressure have an effect on humidity? Yes
What causes prevailing winds to move in curved paths? Earth's rotation.
Does water evaporate more on a cold, rainy day or a warm, sunny day? Water evaporates more on a warm, sunny day because sunlight provides the energy that causes water to evaporate.
Why do seabreezes form? Water heats more slowly than land.
Name an example of liquid precipitation. Rain
What two instruments are most important for the measurement of a region's climate? A thermometer and a rain gauge are most important because a thermometer measures the temperature of a region and a rain gauge measures the amount of precipitation.
What is water that falls from the air to Earth? Precipitation
The weight of the atmosphere pressing down on Earth is called _____. Air pressure
Water changes from a gas to a liquid in the process of _________. Condensation
The blanket of air surrounding Earth is the __________. Atmosphere
Water changes from a liquid to a gas in a process known as_________. Evaporation
What is a large body of air called? Air mass
What is a wind that results from local changes in temperature? Local winds
What is a water cycle? The movement of water between the atmosphere, the land and the ocean.
In what layer of the Earth's atmosphere does most weather occur? Troposphere
Give an example of a common effect of a warm front. Many hours of rain.
What mostly likely leaves moisture on the outside of a glass? Condensation
Created by: Mdankese