Busy. Please wait.
Log in with Clever

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
Sign up using Clever

Username is available taken
show password

Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
Your email address is only used to allow you to reset your password. See our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't Know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

AP Psychology Unit14

Social Psychology

social psychology the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and relate to one another
attribution theory the theory that we explain someone’s behavior by crediting either the situation or the person’s disposition
fundamental attribution error the tendency for observers, when analyzing another’s behavior, to underestimate the impact of the situation and to overestimate the impact of personal disposition
attitude feelings, often influenced by our beliefs, that predispose us to respond in a particular way to objects, people, and events
central route persuasion attitude change path in which interested people focus on the arguments and respond with favorable thoughts
peripheral route persuasion attitude change path in which people are influenced by incidental cues, such as a speaker’s attractiveness
foot-in-the-door phenomenon the tendency for people who have first agreed to a small request to comply later with a larger request
role a set of expectations (norms) about a social position, defining how those in the position ought to behave
cognitive dissonance theory the theory that we act to reduce the discomfort (dissonance) we feel when two of our thoughts (cognitions) are inconsistent
conformity adjusting one’s behavior or thinking to coincide with a group standard
normative social influence influence resulting from a person’s desire to gain approval or avoid disapproval
informational social influence influence resulting from one’s willingness to accept others’ opinions about reality
social facilitation stronger responses on simple or well-learned tasks in the presence of others
social loafing the tendency for people in a group to exert less effort when pooling their efforts toward attaining a common goal than when individually accountable
deindividuation the loss of self-awareness and self-restraint occurring in group situations that foster arousal and anonymity
group polarization the enhancement of a group’s prevailing inclinations through discussion within the group
groupthink the mode of thinking that occurs when the desire for harmony in a decision-making group overrides a realistic appraisal of alternatives
culture the enduring behaviors, ideas, attitudes, values and traditions shared by a group of people and transmitted from one generation to the next
norm an understood rule for accepted and expected behavior
personal space the buffer zone we like to maintain around our bodies
prejudice an unjustifiable (and usually negative) attitude toward a group and its members
stereotype a generalized (sometimes accurate but often overgeneralized) belief about a group of people
discrimination (1) in classical conditioning, the learned ability to distinguish between a conditioned stimulus and stimuli that do not signal an unconditioned stimulus. (2) unjustifiable negative behavior toward a group and its members
ingroup “Us”—people with whom we share a common identity
outgroup “Them”—those perceived as different or apart from our ingroup
ingroup bias the tendency to favor our own group
scapegoat theory the theory that prejudice offers an outlet for anger by providing someone to blame
other-race effect the tendency to recall faces of one’s own race more accurately than faces of other races
just-world phenomenon the tendency for people to believe the world is just and that people therefore get what they deserve and deserve what they get
aggression physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt someone
frustration-aggression principle the principle that frustration—the blocking of an attempt to achieve some goal—creates anger, which can generate aggression
mere exposure effect the phenomenon that repeated exposure to novel stimuli increases liking of them
passionate love an aroused state of intense positive absorption in another, usually present at the beginning of a love relationship
companionate love the deep affectionate attachment we feel for those with whom our lives are intertwined
equity a condition in which people receive from a relationship in proportion to what they give to it
self-disclosure revealing intimate aspects of oneself to others
altruism unselfish regard for the welfare of others
bystander effect the tendency for any given bystander to be less likely to give aid if other bystanders are present
social exchange theory the theory that our social behavior is an exchange process, the aim of which is to maximize benefits and minimize costs
reciprocity norm an expectation that people will help, not hurt, those who have helped them
social-responsibility norm an expectation that people will help those dependent upon them
conflict a perceived incompatibility of actions, goals, or ideas
social trap a situation in which the conflicting parties, by each rationally pursuing their self-interest, become caught in mutually destructive behavior
mirror-image perceptions mutual views often held by conflicting people, as when each side sees itself as ethical and peaceful and views the other side as evil and aggressive
self-fulfilling prophecy a belief that leads to its own fulfillment
superordinate goals shared goals that override differences among people and require their cooperation
GRIT Graduated and Reciprocated Initiatives in Tension-Reduction—a strategy designed to decrease international tensions
Created by: mbehm
Popular Psychology sets




Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!
"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards