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Ecology Terms

Abiotic Non-Living
Biotic Living
Habitat The place where an organism lives in order to obtain its food, water, shelter and other things needed for survival
Biome Individual Ecosystems
Niche The particular role of an organism in its environment including type of food it eats, how it obtains its food and how it interacts with other organisms
Immigration Add members to a population in an ecosystems (Not by birth)
Emmigration When an organisms leaves its ecosystems
Limiting Factors Controls the size of population
Community All the different populations in a specific area or region at a certain time
Population All of the individuals of a given species in a specific area or region at a certain time
Ecosystem One or more communities in an area and the abiotic factors
Producer Produces energy
Consumer Eat the producer such as herbivores, carnivore, and omnivores
Herbivore Animals that eat plants
Carnivore Animals that eat meat
Omnivore Animals that eat both plants and meat
Scavenger An animal that feeds on carrion, dead plant material, or refuse
Carrying Capacity The maximum number of organisms that can survive in a particular ecosystem
Predator An animal that naturally preys on others
Prey An animal hunted and killed by another for food
Renewable Resource Resources that can be replaced and reused by nature
Nonrenewable Resource Natural resources that cannot be replaced by nature
Soil one of the most valuable abiotic factors in an ecosystem because everything that lives on land depends directly or indirectly on soil
Groundwater Water that soaks into the ground
Permeable Soil and rock that allow the water to pass through
Impermable Soil and rock that don't allow the water to pass through
Aquifer Groundwater can also flow slowly through the underground rock or be stored in underground layers
Zone of Saturation The area where the water has filled all the space in the soil
Divide The high ground between two drainage basins
Drainage Basin An area that is drained by a river and all the streams that empty into it, the tributaries
Watershed Drainage Basin
Created by: Tahja143