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pharmacology22

drugs for depression/anxiety/psychosis

QuestionAnswer
antianxiety drug a drug that eases anxiety also known as anxiolytic
hallucinations the perception of something such as sounds or visual images that are not actually present except in the mind they may involve sight smell hearing taste and touch
dysthmia a chronic but less severe form of depression that is characterized by moods that are persistently low
tricylic antidepressants drugs that act by blocking the reuptake of norepinephrine and serotonin and making more of these substances acailable to act on receptors in the brain
SSRI drugs that act by blocking the reuptake of serotonin making more serotonin available to act on receptors in the brain
how long does it take ssri's to start relieving symptoms of depression may take up to 8 weeks for symptoms of depression to improve
how long before ssri's control anxiety 3-5 weeks
how does ssri's work they work by increasing the amount of serotonin in the brain by inhibiting reuptake
SSRI's have fewer side effects than TCA'a
side effects of SSRI's insomnia, dizziness, anorexia, tremors, increased sweating, headache and weakness
tricyclic Atidepressants inhibit the the reuptake of norepinephine, dopamine or serotonin nerve cells it may take up to 8 weeks for symptoms of depression to improve
TCA's generally have more side effects than SSRI's
Benzodiazepines most commonly prescribed drugs for treatment of anxiety
Benzodiazrpines CNS depressant that increases the inhibitory actions of gamma-aminobutyonic acid GABA in the brain
should you stop taking benzodiazepines no these drugs stopped suddenly beacause of the risk for life threatening withdrawal symptoms including nervousness restlessness tremulousness weakness and seizures
can you take benzodiazepines while pregnant no because the fetus can become dependant on them
Antipsychotics also called tranquilizers
what are antipsychotics used to treat they are used to control the symptoms of psychosis such as hallucinations and delusions
what may antipsychotics cause neuroleptic malignant symndrome-s/s are muscle rigidity increased temp and respiratory rate, elevated pulse and BP ad becomes less responsive to verbal stimuli
which antipsychotics may smoking decrease the effectiveness of olanzapine and clozapine
what should patients report when taking antipsychotics sore throat, unusual bleeding or bruising, rash or tremors
what should you avoind when taking antipsychotics alcohol, change positions slowly and avoid activities that require alertness
what should you avoid while taking zypnea and seroquel grape fruit because it may increase blood levels and increased risk for side effects
fluoxetine prozac- ssri antidepressant
lithium carbonate lithonate- antipsychotic- psychosis
trazodone desyrel- combined reuptake inhibitor and receptor blocker- antidepressant
paroxetine paxil- SSRI
clonazepam klonapin-benzodiazepine- anxiety
duloxetine cymbalta-Serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor- antidepressant
citalopram celexa-SSRI- antidepressant
escitalopram lexapro-SSRI- antidepressant
resperidone risperdal-antipsychotic-psychosis
diazepam valium- benzodiazepine-antianxiety
alprozolam xanax-benzodiazepine-antianxiety
setraline zoloft-SSRI-antidepressant
chlorpromazine thorazine-antipsychotic-psychosis
buproprian, venlafaxine duloxetine are at risk for seizures
patients on mirtazapine are at increased risk for infection because of neutropenia
because of abuse potential benzodiaepine drugs are contraindicated for patients with substance abuse disorder
patients taking quetiapine may experience and alteration in body temperature regulation
how do TCA's work to treat depression they work by inhibiting reuptake of neurotransmitters norepinephrine, dopamine or serotonin by nerve cells
for which signs of dependence must you teach patients to watch when they have been prescribed a benzoidiazepine a strong desire or need to continue taking the drug, a need to increase the dose to receive the effects of the drug, withdrawal symptoms when the drug is stopped
a patient who has been taking amitriptyline (elavil) to treat depression has developed an irregular heart rate of 112 BPM what is your best first action hold the dose and notify the patient's healthcare provider
a patient prescribed the SSRI sertraline zoloft asks why valium wasnt precribed instead your best answer would be sertraline has milder side effects and is less likely to cause dependence than diazepam
which antidepressant drug may slow growth ad weight gain in children venlafaxine (effexor)
the patient prescribed chlorpromazine (thorazine) has developed rigid muscle tone and elevated temperature of 101 f and confusion what is your best action hold the drug and notify the prescriber immediately
for what do you assess in a patient before and after giving a drug to treat psychosis suicidal thoughts
the patient prescribed chlorpromazine (thorazine) tells you that his urine has turned reddish color what do you teach this patient chlorpromazine often turns a patients urine pink or reddish-brown
how can the intake and output of an older adult be affected by lithium lithium can cause excessive urination which can lead to dehydration
illusions incorrect mental representations of misinterpreted events such as hearing the food cart coming down the hall and believeing it is a stampede of animals
delusions fixed or false beliefs or opinions that are held despite a lack of supporting evidence and are resistant to reason or fact
GAD excessive almost daily worry and anxiety lasting longer than 6 months
bipolar disorder a psychiatric disorder characterized by alternating episodes of mania and depression also called bipolar illness or manic-depressive illness
major depression a disabling mental disorder marked by a persistent low mood lack of pleasure in life and increased risk of suicide which is diagnosed based on presence of symptoms of depression for 2 or more weeks
mania an extremely elevated mood state that occurs as part of bipolar disorder and is characterized by mental and physical hyperactivity and possibly psychosis
depression an illness characterized by feelings of sadness and despair loss of energy and difficulty dealing with normal daily life
psychosis an illness that prevents a person from being able to distinguish between the real world it commonly includes delusions and hallucinations
Created by: sonjasig