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Dr. Uhlir's US GOVT

Test 4 Uhlir

Who was the sole dissenter in Plessy vs Ferguson? Justice John Marshall Harlan
In what order were schools, baseball, and military desegregated? Baseball, military, schools
What was the supreme court case that ended legal segregation in public schools? Brown vs. Board of Education
Which was desegregated first, schools or military? Military
1964 civil rights act Equal access to public facilities and eliminates job discrimination
1965 voting rights act Removed voting barriers
1986 civil rights act Prohibited discrimination in housing
What did the Bakke case pertain to? Reverse discrimination
Conclusions of Brown vs Board of Education Set a legal precedent, determined segregation was inherently unequal and in violation of the 14th amendment.
Why was 1963 a pivotal year? Milk March in Birmingham and 'I have a dream' speech
Adarand v Pena Ends federal contracts being awarded on the basis of race or gender
Grutter v Bollinger Upheld the U of M case, established that there are educational benefits to a diverse student body
Where and when was the first womens rights convention? 1848 Seneca Falls
Title 7 Bars discrimination and harassment in workplace
Title 9 Bars discrimination in education
Equal credit act of 1974 Bars discrimination in financing (who gets loans, credit cards, etc)
People who have suffered deepest population loss in human history Native Americans
When did Native Americans gain citizenship? 1924, last minority group to receive citizenship
Life expectancy for Native Americans Lowest of all groups, 10years below national average
Drop out rate for Native Americans 80% (50% for other minorities)
Poverty rate for Native Americans Double national average
Infant mortality rate for Native Americans Triple national average
Law on Native American reservations Not governed by state laws, federal government is limited by treaties signed when each individual reservation was formed
How many Native Americans can not speak their native language? 90%
1968 Indian bill of rights The first time Native Americans receive the civil rights offered by the 13th 14th & 15th amendments
1974 Native Americans Legislation passed to allow Native Americans to control federal programs on reservations
Native American members of congress Only one, Senator Bill Nighthorse Campbell of Colorado
Fastest growing minority population Hispanic Americans, 40% increase in last 10 years
Most influential Latino leader in modern US history César Chávez, formed United Farm Workers of America to help farm workers
Largest successes of Hispanic movement Bilingual education and social programs.
Source of Hispanics' strong political power Increased coordination of Latinos (for example, large protests over immigration recently), growing population, and nearly equal party affiliation means they aren't an 'us' or a 'them' yet
"most successful minority in America" Asian Americans
Lau vs Nichols 1974 created ESL classes for all non speakers, win for Asian American populous
Gross national product Total value of goods produced and services provided in one year
Fiscal policy Budgeting, taxing, spending
Monetary policy Money flow
Federal deserve board 7 member board governing federal reserve system
Deficit Spending more than you have (debt)
Default Failing to repay loan
National debt Total cumulative amount the US owes its creditors
Surplus Having more money than needed (leftovers)
Inflation A general increase in the average price of goods and services
Recession Temporary economic slump
Depression Longer lasting economic slump
Ad valorem tax Tax based on actual cost of production/ value
excise tax A tax on a specific item (for example, alcohol tax)
tariff tax on imports or exports
subsidy money given to boost or sustain an industry
progressive tax rich pay higher % than poor in taxes
regressive tax poor pay higher % than rich in taxes
capital gains tax taxes on sale of assets
medicaid helps the poor
medicare helps the elderly
means tested entitlements government programs offered to members of the public who meet eligibility
entitlements government programs offered to everyone and cannot be denied
definition of power A gets B to do something B would not do otherwise
persuasion cheapest and most effective method of power
force most costly method of power
fungibility goods that are easily countable, and no distinctive characteristic from one manufacturer to another. oil, corn, grain.
long cycle war theory every hundred years there will be a game changing war
long cycle war theory stages macrodecision, implementation, agenda setting, and coalitioning
democratic peace theory a democracy has never declared war on another democracy
nash equilibrium point when no player has an incentive to make a move
defensive pact one ally will help the other if attacked and vice versa
neutrality non aggression pact ally agrees to stay neutral if other ally attacks a third party or is attacked by a third party
balancing alliance little countries join together to balance out one large power
bandwagoning when countries ally with the country that possesses the most power and largest threat already
ad hoc alliance specific purpose
permanent alliance unstable, no flexibility
do arms races lead to war? only if there is already a dispute between the countries
true believers TA>Neg>Repression
reluctant terrorist neg>TA>Repression
complacent opponents neg>Rep>TA
responsive government neg>rep>TA
repressive government rep>Neg>TA
Created by: AnnissaM
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