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Chorus Terms

TermDefinition
Diction Choice of words especially with regard to correctness, clearness, or effectiveness
Dynamics Level of loudness or softness, or intesity
Balance The harmonious adjustment of volume and timbre between voices
Blend When a group of singers sing in such a way that the entire ensemble has a characteristic sound, without individual voices that stand out
Expression
Harmony Pleasing combination of two or three tones played together in the background while a melody is being played. Harmony also refers to the study of chord progressions.
Melody Succession of notes percieved as a coherent line or tune
Rhythm The element of music pertaining to time, played as a grouping of notes into accented and unaccented beats.
Accompaniment An instrumental or vocal part designed to support or complement a melody
Pitch The frequency of a note determining how high or low it sounds
Sharp Symbol that raises the pitch of a note one half step above its natural pitch
Flat Symbol that lowers the pitch of a note one half step below its natural pitch
Accidental Sign at the left of a musical note that indicates a change in the note's pitch
Natura Symbol that cancels an accidental previously in effect
Staff Made up of five horizontal parallel lines and the spaces between them on which musical notation is written.
Treble Clef A clef placing G above middle C on the second-lowest line of the staff.
Bass Clef A clef placing F below middle C on the second-highest line of the staff.
Interval Distance between two pitches
Crescendo A gradual increase in loudness
Decrescendo A gradual decrease in loudness
Forte An instruction in music to sing loudly. Abbreviated by a "f".
Piano An instruction in music to sing softly. Abbreviated by a ā€œpā€.
A Cappella Choral music without instrumental accompaniment
Accent > placed above a note to indicate stress or emphasis.
Solo A single musician who preforms a composition written for one part.
Duet A set of two musicians who perform a composition written for two parts.
Trio A set of three musicians who perform a composition written for three parts.
Quartet A set of four musicians who perform a composition written for four parts.
Soprano High female voice
Alto Low female voice
Bass Low male voice
Tenor High male voice
Chorus Group of singers who perform together, usually with several singers on each part
Conductor A person who leads a performance, especially for an orchestra, band, chorus, by means of gestures
Key Signature The flats and sharps at the beginning of each staff line indicating the key of music the piece is to be played.
Legato Word to indicate that the movement or entire composition is to be played smoothly.
Measure The unit of measure where the beats on the lines of the staff are divided up into two, three, four beats to a measure.
Scale Successive notes of a key or mode either ascending or descending.
Slur A curve over notes to indicate that a phrase is to be played legato.
Staccato Short detached notes, as opposed to legato.
Tempo Indicating speed.
Time Signature A numeric symbol in sheet music determining the number of beats to a measure.
Clef Any of several symbols placed at the left-hand end of a staff, indicating the pitch of the notes written on it
Accelerando (accel) Gradually get faster
Created by: dlukens