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Carp115KeyEnviron

Prepare yourself for the environment section of the Keystone Exam.

QuestionAnswer
In order from smallest to largest, list the levels of ecological organization. organism, population, community, ecosystem, biome, biosphere
What term applies to any individual living creature? organism
What term applies to a group of organisms of one species that interbreed and live in the same place at the same time? population
What term applies to a group of organisms or populations of different species occupying a particular area? community
What term applies to a system that includes all biotic and abiotic factors functioning together in a particular area? ecosystem
What term applies to a major ecological community of organisms adapted to a particular climatic or environmental condition on a geographical area? biome
What term applies to the part of the Earth where living things exist? biosphere
What term applies to any living or once living thing in a given area? biotic
What term applies to something that has never or will never live? abiotic
Are bacteria biotic or abiotic? biotic
Are plants biotic or abiotic? biotic
Is mold biotic or abiotic? biotic
Is air biotic or abiotic? abiotic
Is water biotic or abiotic? abiotic
Are rocks biotic or abiotic? abiotic
Is feces biotic or abiotic? biotic
Are bones biotic or abiotic? biotic
is the pH of the soil biotic or abiotic? abiotic
What term applies to a feeding hierarchy in which organisms in an ecosystem are grouped into trophic levels and are shown in succession to represent the flow of food energy? food chain
What term applies to a depiction of many food chains linked together to show a more accurate model of possible feeding relationships in an ecosystem? food web
What term applies to a graphical model that is shaped like a pyramid to show how the energy flows through a food chain, how the amount of energy decreases at each level, and how much energy is lost between each level? energy pyramid
What term applies to a long term relationship between two different species? symbiosis
What are the five main types of symbiosis? Competition Mutualism Commensalism Predation Parasitism
What term applies to a symbiotic relationship between or among living things for resources such as food, water, shelter, etc? competition
Two male lions fighting for a mate, is an example of what type of symbiotic relationship? competition
A blue jay fighting a robin for a worm. What type of symbiotic relationship is this example? competition
What term applies to a symbiotic relationship were both species rely on one another for nutrients, protection and other life functions? mutualism
E. coli living in a human's intestines is an example of what symbiotic relationship? mutualism
An oxpecker bird cleans the teeth of a hippopotamus and gets food in return. What type of symbiotic relationship is this? mutualism
What term applies to a symbiotic relationship between two species in which one species benefits and the other is neither harmed not helped? commensalism
Orchids live in the upper branches of trees. The orchids gain more sunlight by being high in trees, while the tree gains nothing nor is it harmed. What type of symbiotic relationship is this? commensalism
What term applies to a symbiotic relationship between two species in which one of them acts as a predator that captures and feeds on another? Predation
A owl eating a mouse is an example of what symbiotic relationship? predation
A Venus fly trap capturing a fly is an example of what type symbiosis? predation
What term applies to a symbiotic relationship in which one species benefits at the expense of another without killing it? parasitism
A tick feeding on a dog is an example of what type of symbiosis? parasitism
A tapeworm inside of a human is an example of what type of symbiotic relationship? parasitism
In a parasitic relationship, the organism that feeds is called? parasite
In a parasitic relationship, the organism that gets fed upon is called? host
What energy source is the driving force of the water cycle? sun
What processes in the water cycle does sunlight cause to happen? evaporation transpiration
After evaporation occurs and the water vapor condenses, what is formed? clouds
What is the process of forming clouds called? condensation
What process occurs when clouds move from areas of warm temperatures to area of cold temperatures? precipitation
What are four forms of precipitation? rain snow hail sleet
What is the process of water being pulled underground by gravity called? seepage
Water that is pulled underground is called? groundwater
Water that moves downhill across the top of the ground is called? runoff
The process of liquid water becoming water vapor is known as? evaporation
What is the term for water evaporating from leaves of plants known as? transpiration
The key events of the carbon cycle are complimentary to each other. What are the two key parts of the carbon cycle? cell respiration photosynthesis
What process takes carbohydrates and oxygen to combine them and produce carbon dioxide, water and usable energy for the organism? cell respiration
What process takes carbon dioxide, water and sunlight and produces carbohydrates? photosynthesis
What are the two chief reservoirs for carbon dioxide in the carbon cycle? oceans rocks
What substance easily dissolves carbon dioxide? water
What process removes soil and rock from the Earth's surface by wind or water flow releasing carbon dioxide into the atmosphere? erosion
What rock tends to release the most carbon dioxide into the atmosphere by erosion? limestone (calcium carbonate)
Where do animals gain all the carbon that they use for building the body? from the food they eat
What term is applied to an organism that eats another organism for energy? heterotroph
What term is applied to an organism that can produce their own food through the photosynthetic process? autotroph
What two process returns carbon found in organic substances back to the atmosphere? combustion cell respiration
Coal, natural gas and oil are all forms of what carbon-rich organic material? fossil fuels
Nitrogen is critical for producing which macromolecule? proteins
What percent of the atmosphere is composed of nitrogen? 78%
What two ways can nitrogen be taken from the atmosphere so it can be used by organisms? lightning nitrogen fixation by bacteria
What form of nitrogen does lightning produce? nitrate - nitrogen with three oxygens attached
What type of chemical does nitrogen fixing bacteria use to break down atmospheric nitrogen, so that it doesn't use large amounts of energy? enzymes
What type of organisms are capable of using nitrates and making it into amino acids? plants
Where do animals acquire all their amino acids? from the food they eat
What happens to the nitrogen found in plants when they die? it returns to the soil through decomposition
How do animals return nitrogen back to the soil? feces and urine
What form of nitrogen do bacteria return to the soil? ammonia
What is the growth rate of organisms with unlimited resources? exponential growth rate
When do exponential growth rates tend to occur? new environments during transient, favorable conditions
What event usually stops population growth? resource (food, water, shelter) depletion
What term is applied to the slowing or stopping of the population growth rate? logistic growth
What is the population size at which growth stops called? carrying capacity
What term is applied to the condition when the birth rate and death rate are equal within a population? carrying capacity
Can any population growth without limitations? NO
What term is applied to an organism that produces its own food? producer autotroph
What term is applied to an organism that eats only producers? herbivore
What term is applied to an organism that eats only animals? carnivore
What term is applied to an organism that eats both plants and animals? omnivores
What term is applied to an organism that eats dead organisms? decomposer
What term is applied to an organism that eats dead wastes? dentrivore
Created by: carp115