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Japanese E-2 CH10 Gr

Japanese E-2 CH10 Grammar

QuestionAnswer
Expressing order within a family 番(目) converts cardinal numbers into ordinal numbers, and is used to describe order in the family.
Expressing order within a family, oldest 一番上
Expressing order within a family, second oldest 上から二番目
Expressing order within a family, right in the middle まんなか
Expressing order within a family, second youngest 下から二番目
Expressing order within a family, youngest 一番下
Expressing order within a family, only child ひとりっこ
Expressing order within a family, pronunciation regular, same pattern as the counter ~まい.
Describing a resultant state use て - form + いる to describe a state (of being) that is the result of a past action.
Describing a resultant state, example めがねをかける means to put on glasses. めがねをかけている means to be wearing classes as a result of putting them on.
Describing a resultant state, past form ~ていました describes a (resultant) state at a specified time in the past.
Describing a resultant state, past form, example やくさんたべて、 ふとりました。 Similar resultant state sentence: 私は小さいとき、 ふとっていました。
Describing a resultant state, additional usage can be used to describe someone who wears something habitually.
Describing a resultant state, additional usage, example 田中さんはよくジーンスをはいています。
Describing a resultant state, a couple specific cases すむ and つとめる are generally used with ~ている. The particle に is used to indicate a location, company, or organization.
Describing people and things using nouns and modifying clauses A noun may be modified by another noun, an adjective, or a modifying clause.
Describing people and things using nouns and modifying clauses, position The modifier always comes before the noun.
Describing people and things using nouns and modifying clauses, plain form usages verbs, and the negative form of adjectives and the copula verb
Describing people and things using nouns and modifying clauses, noun example, affirmative ブロンドのかみ
Describing people and things using nouns and modifying clauses, noun example, negative 日本のくるまじゃないくるま
Describing people and things using nouns and modifying clauses, な adjective example, affirmative きれいな家
Describing people and things using nouns and modifying clauses, な adjective example, negative きれいじゃない
Describing people and things using nouns and modifying clauses, な adjective example, が descriptive phrase, affirmative りょうりが上手な人
Describing people and things using nouns and modifying clauses, な adjective example, が descriptive phrase, negative そうじが上手じゃない人
Describing people and things using nouns and modifying clauses, い adjective example, affirmative 小さいくつ
Describing people and things using nouns and modifying clauses, い adjective example, negative 小さくないくつ
Describing people and things using nouns and modifying clauses, い adjective example, が descriptive phrase, affirmative かみがながい人
Describing people and things using nouns and modifying clauses, い adjective example, が descriptive phrase, negative かみがなくない人
Describing people and things using nouns and modifying clauses, verb example, が descriptive phrase, affirmative えい語が分かる人
Describing people and things using nouns and modifying clauses, verb example, affirmative 新聞をよく読む
Describing people and things using nouns and modifying clauses, resultant state example, affirmative けっこんしている
Describing people and things using nouns and modifying clauses, resultant state example, negative けっこんしていない
Expressing opinions with ~とおもいます expresses opinions about things or events
Expressing opinions with ~とおもいます, subject the subject of おもう, the speaker, is often omitted, but can be specified for emphasis to clarify the context.
Expressing opinions with ~とおもいます, form plain form, だ, not な
Expressing opinions with ~とおもいます, someone else's opinion おもっている instead of おもう
Expressing opinions with ~とおもいます, information questions use a question word and end the sentence with か
Expressing opinions with ~とおもいます, asking for a general impression or opinion ~をどうおもいますか
Expressing opinions with ~とおもいます, expressing wish or intention, rule 1 cannot express the speaker's wish or intention without an additional suffix attached to the verb. Learned in Nakama 2.
Expressing opinions with ~とおもいます, expressing wish or intention, rule 2 ~たいとおもいます to express a wish is often used instead of たいです in a conversation, because it sounds softer and more polite.
Created by: ncommons