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Prepare yourself for the bioenergetics of the Keystone Exam.

What type of cells have plastids? plants
What cellular structure is composed of stacks of thylakoid stacks covered with pigments such as chlorophyll and carotonoids? plastids
In plastids, water and carbon dioxide is used to convert light into what macromolecule? glucose
H20 + CO2 + light energy --> C6H12O6 + O2 is the chemical formula for what biological process? photosynthesis
What are the 3 reactants in the photosynthetic process? water, carbon dioxide, light
What is the product of photosynthesis? glucose
what is the by-product of photosynthesis? oxygen
What type of cells have mitochondria? all eukaryotic cells including plants and animals
Can cells directly use glucose for energy? NO due to its shape it must be broken down and the energy stored in ATP
What structure in the eukaryotic cell breaks down glucose to produce ATP? mitochondria
What molecule does the mitochondria produce when it breaks down glucose? ATP
What macromolecule does the mitochondria break down to produce ATP? glucose
What does ATP stand for? adenosine triphosphate
What are the reactants of cell respiration? glucose and oxygen
What is the product of cell respiration? ATP
What are the by-products of cell respiration? water and carbon dioxide
C6H12O6 + O2 --> ATP + H2O + CO2 is the chemical formula for what biological process? cell respiration
Where does cell respiration occur in the cell? mitochondria
The process by which plants use solar energy to convert the raw materials carbon dioxide and water into glucose is called? photosynthesis
What are two examples of plastids found in plant cells? leucoplasts chloroplasts
The process by which energy is released from carbohydrates and stored in ATP is called? Cell respiration
For the catabolic process of cell respiration to occur, what reactant must be present for it to occur? oxygen
Created by: carp115