Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove Ads
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards




share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Fluids&Electrolytes

QuestionAnswer
What is the normal pH of blood? 7.35-7.45
Anxiety and hyperventillation may cause respiratory _________? Alkalosis
COPD and heavy narcotic use may cause respiratory _________? Acidosis
Kayexalate is given for what electrolyte imbalance? Hyperkalemia
How does kayexalate work? It exchanges potassium ions for sodium ions.
What EKG changes are noted with hypo and hyperkalemia? Inverted T waves = hypo Elevated T waves = hyper
How does insulin correct hyperkalemia? Insulin drives potassium back into cells.
What do chlorides assist in making? HCL
Why is the Allen test performed? To assess ulnar circulation.
Infants have a higher percentage of this fluid, which is lost more rapidly. Extracellular
What is the #1 cause of hypernatremia? Edema
What is a major cause of hyperkalemia? Renal failure
Causes of fluid volume deficit. Vomiting/diarrhea,NG suction, colostomy, wounds, burns, fistulas, diuretics, bleeding
S/S FVD Thirst, poor tenting, dry muc membranes, flushed skin, increased HR, flat neck veins, decreased BP
Nursing interventions FVD VS, I&O, turgor, daily weight, hematocrit level, replace fluids
Causes of fluid volume excess Too much IVF, renal disease, CHF, cirrhosis, Cushing's, steroids
S/S FVE Distended neck veins, decreased hematocrit, confusion, moist rales, edema, increased BP
Nursing interventions FVE VS, fluid restriction, Na+ restriction, diuretics, monitor edema, daily weight
Causes hyponatremia Excessive perspiration, spacing, edema, vomiting, diarrhea, NG,diuretics, too much IVF, renal disease
S/S hyponatremia Headache, postural hypotension, muscle weakness, twitching, tremors, poor tenting, dry muc membranes, pyrexia
Causes hypernatremia Diarrhea, vomiting, burns, excess sodium, kayexalate
S/S hypernatremia Thirst, dry muc membranes, flushed, weakness, irritability, postural hypotension
Causes hypokalemia #1 diuretics, burns, diarrhea, vomiting
S/S hypokalemia Life threatening arrythmias, weakness, nausea, vomiting, diminished reflexes
Causes hyperkalemia #1 renal failure, excess intake, potassium sparing diuretics, burns
S/S hyperkalemia Elevated T waves on EKG,nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, dysrhythmias, weakness
Causes hypocalcemia Loop diuretics,inadequate intake,lack Vit D, parathyroid dysfunction, caffeine
S/S hypocalcemia Osteoporosis, Paresthesia, cramps, twitching, dysrhythmias
Causes hypercalcemia Excess intake, bone destruction, immobility, renal failure, hyperparathyroidism
S/S hypercalcemia Thirst, polyuria, Increased HR, diminished DTR's, nausea, vomiting,slow GI, confusion, lethargy, renal stones
Created by: shocklori