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Developmental L3

Piaget's View

Piaget talked about structures and was concerned about the _______________ of knowledge rather than how acquired or applied knowledge is Organisation
What is Piagets idea of constructivism? That children have an innate tendency to actively construct knowledge by interacting with their environment - not just learning.
With Piaget's idea of constructivism, the knowledge children acquire is r_____ than that available in the environment richer
Write out what Piaget's idea of constructivism is and what criticisms go with it... ....
Piaget said that cognitive development consist of two things... what are they? 1) mastery of representation and 2) development of logic
Piaget said that children are ONLY born with reflexes. There are six of them, what are they? Rooting, Sucking, Blinking, Grasping, Babinski, Moro
What is the rooting reflex? When babies turnt heir heads to anything within the vicinity of the mouth
What is the sucking reflex? When babies suck any object once it is in their mouth
What is the blinking reflex? When babies blink when an object approaches them quickly.
What is the grasping reflex? When babies grab objects inserted into their hands
What is the babinski reflex? When babies curl their toes when you stimulate the souls of their feet
What is the moro reflex? When babies throw their hands out when falling
Piaget siad that these reflexes then become modified into _______? And the idea here is that the baby accommodates or assimilates? schema, accommodates
What is a schema? A stable behaviour pattern - the way a baby interacts with the world
Read the examples of babies making schemas ....
Piaget talked about the process of adaptation and said that it was innate and said that it involved a__________________ and a_________________? Assimilation and Accommodation
What is an example of assimilation? Pretend play
What is one of the first kinds of pretend play that child do? Object substitution
What is an example of accommodation? imitation
So Piaget said that these two processes are innate and that with this adaptation fo children constantly interacting with the world, they are striving for balance (for e____________). And that we are always working toward a new stage of e_________. equilibrium, equilibrium
Piaget said that there are stages of development - q__________ shifts in the child's understanding of the world. What were these four stages? qualitative, 1) Sensorimotor stage (birth to 18-24 months), 2) Preoperational stage (2 years to 7-8 years, 3) Concrete operational stage (7-8 years to 11-12 years and 4) Formal operations stage (12 years and older)
The order of stages is i________, meaning that you should not skip stages and that with every new stage, there is a major shift in the underlying s_________. invariant, structure
Piaget talks about 2 main things in Sensorimotor stage, what are they? Deferred imitation and object permanence
When children can do deferred imitation, this means that they are capable of r______________ because they can represent objects in the world when they are not perceptually present representation
Object permanence also indicates internal r________________ representations
Go through the stages of object permanence. Write them out
Piaget came up with 4 limitations in the Preoperational stage. What are they relating to? Egocentric, Perceptual features, Centration, Logical contradictions
Read through and write out these four limitations ....
When children are in the Concrete Operations stage they now have the capability to t________ objects in their mind (operations) and they show the first signs of __________ thinking. transforming, logical
In CO stage They can also do r________ where they know that any mental operation carried out in one direction can be carried out the other such as pouring liquid from short to tall glass. And they can do conservation tasks at certain ages within the stage reversibility
What conservation tasks did Piaget say children can do at which ages? And why is this the beginnings of Flaws in Piaget's theory? Numer at 5 to 6 years, Weight at 7 to 8 years and Volume at 10 to 11 years. Because if the child has the logical ability to pass number then they should be able to pass volume less than 5 years after!
In which stage do children need the concrete existence of things such as dolls when doing the "Edith is fairer than Susan" task. Concrete operations stage
Piaget said that Formal operations children no longer depend on the 'concrete' e__________ of things. existence
In which stage can the child do reasoning that is hypothetico-deductive (can do scientific thought)? Formal Operation stage
When a child cannot carry out a good experiment (manipulates more than one variable to make car faster) they are in the __________ stage and all stages before it. But when they can do a good experiment that are in which stage? Concrete operations stage, Formal operations stage
Concrete operations child can manipulate objects or ideas? in their mind but a formal operations child can manipulate objects or ideas? Objects, ideas
Children younger than 12 cannot do the Edith is lighter than Susan task without dolls (need concrete existence) but they can do the __________ task (physical equivalent task) by 7 or 8 years old seriation
When asked "what makes a pendulum go fast or go slow?" Concrete operatios child will.....? but a formal operations child will....? vary many factors at once such as length of string, weight pf object and force applied, but formal operations child will vary just one factor at a time - more scientific approach
Created by: alicemcc33