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Ch. 5 Geography

Europe-Modern History

The Industrial Revolution began in _____ _____ in the 1700s. It then moved southeast to Germany. Great Britain
Why did the Industrial Revolution begin in Great Britain? There are 3 reasons. • Great Britain had a ready supply of natural resources. • There was a plentiful supply of raw materials. • There was a supply of people- human resources.
What was the 1st industry moved to factories? textiles
What invention stimulated the growth of more industries? the railroad
How did the Industrial Revolution improve people’s lives? . People could afford more, cleanliness reduced sickness and disease, people loved healthier and longer lives, and economies in western Europe became stronger.
When was World War I? It began in 1914
A 1917 revolution in Russia created a _________ government. Russia changed its name to the Soviet Union. communist
Who created communism? Karl Marx
In the 1930s there was a world wide _________. Many dictators rose to power as a result. depression
List the Allies in WWII. Great Britain, France, China, US (1941), Soviet Union (1941)
List the Axis Powers in WWII. Germany, Italy, Japan
Germany created the Holocaust. What was the Holocaust? Persecution of the Jews, Romas (gypsies), Poles, and the disabled; over 12 million people were killed
Define genocide. mass murder of a people because of race, religion, ethnicity, politics, or culture
What did the U.S. have to do to end the war in Asia? Dropped 2 atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
What was the Cold War? a global competition between the democratic US and the communist Soviet Union
What was the purpose of the Marshall Plan? 1) help rebuild Europe, 2) stop the spread of communism
In 1949 NATO was formed. What is NATO? An organization that was formed to respond to possible attacks by the Soviet Union
What did the Berlin Wall come to symbolize? It became a symbol of the split between Eastern and Western Europe
When did East and West Germany reunite? October 1990
In 1991 the _______ _________ broke up and many new countries were created in eastern Europe and Asia. Soviet Spring
In 2002 most EU members replaced their money with the _____ - a common currency used throughout the countries of Europe. euro
Created by: cwparker