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psych medications

pharmocology ch 22

TermDefinition
selective serotonin inhibitors (SSRI's) may take up to 8 weeks for symptoms of depression to improve, may take 3-5 weeks for SSRI to control anxiety, icreases amount of serotonin by inhibiting reuptake, fewer side effects than TCA's, continue to take if symptoms are gone so they wont return
side effects of SSRI insomnia, dizziness, anorexia, tremors, increased sweating headache and weakness
Tricyclic Antidepressants (TCA'S) may take up to 8wks for symptoms of depression to improve, inhibit the reuptake of neurotransmitters norepinephrine, dopamine, serotonin by nerve cells, cont take even if symptoms are gone so depression wont return, generally more side effects than SSRI
Benzodiazepenes most common drug for anxiety, CNS depressant increases inhibitory actions of gamma-aminobutyric acid, do not stop taking suddenly life threatening withdrawal symptoms(nervousness,restlessness,tremulousness,weakness,siezures) fetus can become dependant
antipsychotics (tranquilizers) controls psychosis symptoms (hallucinations, delusions) relax CNS, may cause Neuroleptic Malignant syndrome-s/s are muscle rigidity, increased temp and resp rate, elevated pulse and bp and becomes less responsive to verbal stimuli,
antipsychotics (tranquilizers) smoking may decrease effectiveness of thew antipsychotics:olanzipine and clozapine, teach pt to immed. report sore throat, unusual bleeding or bruising, avoid alcohol, change poisition slowly avoid activities that require alertness such as driving,
antipsychotic (tranquilizers) Patients taking Zypresa and Seroquel should avoid grapefruit due to may increase blood levels and increased risk for side effects
Prozac fluoxetine, SSRI, antidepressant
Lithonate lithium carbonate, antipsychotic, Psychosis
Desyrel trazodone, combined reuptake inhibitor and receptor blocker, antidepressant
Paxil, Paxil CR paroxetine, SSRI, antidepressant
Klonopin clonazepam, Benzodiazepene, anxiety
Cymbalta duloxetine, serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor, antidepressant
Celexa citalopram, SSRI, antidepression
Lexapro escitalopram, SSRI, antidepressant
Risperdal resperidone, antipsychotic, psychosis
Valium diazepam, benzodiazepene, antianxiety
Xanax alprazolam, benzodiazepine, antianxiety
Zoloft sertaline, SSRI,antidepressant
Thorazine chlopromazine, antipsychotic, psychosis
Alwaya assess and report any suicidal thoughts or suicide plans to the prescribe before and/or during medication treatment
Patients taking Venlafaxine, duletine, or bupropion are at risk for siezures
Patients on mirtazapine are at increased risk for infection because of neutropenia
because of abuse potential, benzodiazepene drugs are contrindicated for pts witha substance abuse disoreder
Patients taking quetiapine many experience an alteration in body temperature regulation
Created by: suga121