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8Sci_Pathogens

Pathogens & Diseases (Mayfield)

QuestionAnswer
What is an example of a viral disease? tuberculosis
How many cells do all bacteria have? one cell
What is one function that viruses share with living things? they reproduce
What is a micro-organism? a living thing that cannot be seen without a microscope
True or False. Some bacteria are good and some are harmful. True
What is an example of a viral disease? tuberculosis
What is an example of a harmful bacteria? odd-colored spots on plants
How many cells do all bacteria have? one cell
What is one function that viruses share with living things? they reproduce
What is a micro-organism? a living thing that cannot be seen without a microscope
True or False. Some bacteria are good and some are harmful. True
What kind of disease cannot spread from one person to another? a noninfectious disease
What is an example of a harmful bacteria? odd-colored spots on plants
What does an antibiotic do? it treats bacterial and fungal infections
What is the mosquito a common vector for? malaria, West Nile & yellow fever
What is an example of a pathogen? streptococcus bacteria
What is strep throat caused by? bacteria
What is a prokaryote? a cell without a nucleus
What is influenza caused by? virus
What are the three shapes of bacteria? spirilla, cocci & bacilli
What are two examples of pathogens? viruses and bacteria
What helps people resist or recover from infectious diseases? immunity
What causes infectious diseases? pathogens
What is an antibiotic? a substance that can kill bacteria
What kind of disease cannot spread from one person to another? a noninfectious disease
What is a vector? an organism that transmits a disease to a different organism
What does an antibiotic do? it treats bacterial and fungal infections
What is a carrier? an organism that transmits a disease to the same organism
What is the mosquito a common vector for? malaria, West Nile & yellow fever
What is an example of an infectious disease found in plants? wheat rust and corn smut
What is strep throat caused by? bacteria
What is an example of an infectious disease found in animals? hoof-and-mouth disease
What is influenza caused by? virus
What is an epidemic? an outbreak of disease that affects many people in an area
What are two examples of pathogens? viruses and bacteria
What causes infectious diseases? pathogens
What is an antibiotic? a substance that can kill bacteria
What happens when you have a disease? when your normal body processes are disrupted
What is a vector? an organism that transmits a disease to a different organism
What is a carrier? an organism that transmits a disease to the same organism
What is an example of an infectious disease found in plants? wheat rust and corn smut
What is an example of an infectious disease found in animals? hoof-and-mouth disease
What is an epidemic? an outbreak of disease that affects many people in an area
What is one cause of noninfectious diseases? genetic disorder
What kind of disease is spread from one person to another? an infectious disease
What causes African Sleeping Sickness? a parasite
What is a pandemic? an event in which a disease spreads to many regions of the world
What is a mosquito that transmits malaria from one person to another? a vector
What is a vaccine made from? a weakened or dead form of a pathogen
What is microbiology? the study of microscopic organisms
What causes ringworm and athlete's foot? a fungus
What is a virus? a microscopic particle that gets inside a cell and often destroys it
What are vaccinations? a way to prevent viral infections
What is the lytic cycle? a cycle in which a virus attacks a host and causes it to make viruses
What is something viruses cannot use? oxygen
What is a host? a living thing that a virus or parasite lives on or in
What are the 5 ways pathogens are spread? air, contaminated objects, person-to-person, animals and food & water
What is an example of air being used to spread a patogen? sneezing
What is an example of contaminated objects being used to spread a patogen? doorknobs
What is an example of person-to-persons being used to spread a patogen? shaking hands
What is an example of animals being used to spread a patogen? mosquitos
What is an example of food & water being used to spread a patogen? raw meat
What is a reason for a decline in antibiotic use? bacterial infections have become resistant to present antibiotic treatment
What human disease is caused by a parasitic infection? African sleeping sickness
Why are more than 300 million people in Asia infected with malaria each year? mosquitoes are becoming resistant to insecticides and continue to carry the disease
Why are many school districts placing hand sanitizers in classrooms and computer labs? to limit diseases spread by contact
How does a virus affect other organisms? viruses invade the cells of other organisms, using them to reproduce
What would contribute to antimicrobial resistance? creation of new varieties of vaccinations and medicines
What is a distinguishing characteristic describing most parasitic diseases? They are often carried by insects or Protozoa
If someone is allergic to several types of fungi, what type of treatment would be most useful in her home? Chlorine bleach to kill many types of mold
What is the most likely cause of strep throat? Invading bacteria
Why is insect repellent a good way to keep insects away from people? It helps keep disease from spreading
What steps should be taken before drinking untreated water? Filter or boil water before drinking
Why does fungus attach to a host? The fungus acquires nutrients from the host
Why can a person catch a cold many times? There are many kinds of viruses that cause colds and the person may be infected by different viruses each time
How can a pandemic be prevented? By monitoring exposed humans and animals
What is the purpose of research on drug-resistant microbes? To lower the number of drug-resistant microbes
What is true regarding bacterial and viral infections? Bacterial infections are treated with antibiotics while viral infections can be prevented through use of vaccines
What distinguishes an infectious disease from a non infectious disease? Infectious diseases can be spread from one organism to another and a non infectious disease cannot
What describes how an outbreak of cholera begins? A bacterial organism contaminates the drinking water of a community
What illness is most likely to spread throughout the world and infect the most people? Influenza
What makes a mosquito a vector? A mosquito can spread malaria but not be sick with the disease
Created by: ndmsteach