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Pershing cell vocab

archaea prokaryotes that include extremophiles, organisms that live in extreme conditions
cell membrane a protective layer that covers the cell's surface and acts as a barrier that encloses and protects the cell
bacteria prokaryotes that are the smallest cells that have ribosomes
eukaryote an organism made up of cells that have a nucleus enclosed by a membrane as well as membrane-bound organelles
nucleus in a eukaryotic cell, an organelle that contains the cell's DNA and that has a role in growth, metabolism, and reproduction... a large organelle that produces and stores the cell's DNA
organelle small bodies in a cell's cytoplasm that are specialized to perform specific functions
prokaryote an organism that consists of a single cell that does not have a nucleus or membrane-bound organelles
ribosomes tiny, round organelles made of protein and other material... make protein
surface area-to-volume ratio the reason most cells are limited to a very small size
cytoplasm the fluid inside a cell
cell wall a rigid structure that gives support to a cell
chloroplasts organelles in which photosynthesis takes place
cytoskeleton a web of proteins in the cytoplasm that keeps a cell's membrane from collapsing
endoplasmic reticulum a system of folded membranes that functions as the internal delivery system of a cell
Golgi complex the organelle that packages and distributes proteins
lysosomes organelles that contain digestive enzymes
mitochondrion an organelle that functions as the main power source of a cell, breaking down sugar to produce energy
Created by: ellist