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Bergstrom tech vocab

4-10-13 tech vocab

DefinitionTerm
Facts and statistics used for reference or analysis. Data
A written plan that identifies a problem to be solved, its criteria, and its constraints. The design brief is used to encourage thinking of all aspects of a problem before attempting a solution. Design Brief
- A systematic problem-solving strategy, with criteria and constraints, used to develop many possible solutions to solve a problem or satisfy human needs and wants and to winnow (narrow) down the possible solutions to one final choice. Design Process
A part of design brief that challenges the designer, describes what a design solution should do without describing how to solve the problem, and identifies the degree to which the solution must be executed. Design Statement
A person who is trained in and uses technological and scientific knowledge to solve practical problems. Engineer
Special importance, value, or prominence given to something. Emphasis
A biological community of interacting organisms and their physical environment. Ecosystem
A dimensioned, working drawing of a single part. Also referred to as part drawing. Detail Drawing
A person who designs any of a variety of things. This usually implies the task of creating or drawing or in some ways uses visual clues to organize his or her work. Designer
A record of design ideas generated in the course of an engineer’s employment that others may not claim as their own. It is an archival record of new ideas and engineering research achievements. Engineer’s Notebook
Also referred to as the U.S. Customary system. The measuring system based on the foot, second, and pound as units of length, time, and weight or mass. English System
EPA is the acronym for the Environmental Protection Agency. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
The study of workplace equipment design or how to arrange and design devices, machines, or workspace so that people and things interact safely and most efficiently. Ergonomics
Conforming to an established set of principles or accepted professional standards of conduct. Ethical
The moral principles governing or influencing conduct. Ethics
To form an idea of the amount or value of; assess. Evaluate
A gradual development. Evolution
To make something, especially on a large scale using machinery. Manufacture
The promotion and selling of products or services. Marketing
The transformation of raw material into finished goods. Manufacturing Process
Also referred to as an Appearance Model. A model or replica of a machine or structure for instructional or experimental purposes. Mock-up
The value that occurs most frequently in a given data set. Mode
A visual, mathematical, or three-dimensional representation in detail of an object or design, often smaller than the original. Model
The activity of gathering information about consumers’ needs and preferences. Market Research
Mutual discussion and arrangement of the terms of a transaction or agreement. Negotiation
The designation of the size established for a commercial product. Nominal Size
Human activities used to create, invent, design, transform, produce, control, maintain, and use products or systems; a systematic sequence of actions that combines resources to produce an output. Process
A resource or raw material that cannot be grown or replaced once used. Non-Renewable Resource
A tangible artifact produced by means of either human or mechanical work, or by biological or chemical process. Product
An outline of something as seen from one side. Profile
- A function that represents the distribution of variables as a symmetrical bell-shaped graph. Normal Distribution
A part of design brief that clearly and concisely identifies a client’s or target consumer’s problem, need, or want. Problem Statement
Any natural resource that is used to make finished products. Raw Material
The ability to replicate or duplicate a result. Repeatability
The systematic study of materials and sources in order to establish facts and reach new conclusions. Research
A small amount of something that remains after the main part has gone or been taken or used. Residue
Something considered by an authority or by general consent as a basis of comparison. Standard
Stages a product goes through from concept and use to eventual withdrawal from the market place. Product Lifecycle
Collection of methods for planning experiments, obtaining data, organizing, summarizing, presenting, analyzing, interpreting, and drawing conclusions based on data. Statistics
A resource or raw material that can be grown and replaced. Renewable Resource
A government organization whose mission is to assure the safety and health of America's workers by setting and enforcing standards. Occupation Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
The unauthorized copying of software. Software Piracy
Is a person who raises a concern about wrongdoing occurring in an organization or body of people. Whistle Blowing
The condition of being morally or legally bound to do something. Obligations
A person’s behavior is always ethical when he or she: a.Does what is best for oneself b.Has good intentions no matter how things turn out c.Does what is best for everyone d.Does what is most profitable 1. c
Engineers should follow their professional ethics code because: a.It helps them avoid legal problems b.It provides a clear definition of what to expect from responsible engineers c.It raises the image of the profession d.The public will trust engineer 2. b
Engineers should act ethically because: a.If they do not, they risk getting demoted or fired b.The boss wants them to c.It feels good d.That is the way responsible engineers behave 3. d
The first and foremost obligation of registered professional engineers is to: a.The public welfare b.Their employer c.The government d.The engineering profession 4. a
Registered professional engineers should undertake services for clients only when: a.They really need the fees b.Their own bid is the lowest one c.They are fully competent to do the services d.Carrying out the services wouldn’t involve more time or ef 5. c
Is the only engineering society that represents individual engineering professionals and licensed engineers (PEs) across all disciplines. National Society of Professional Engineers (NSPE)
NIEE was initially created by the National Society of Professional Engineers (NSPE), in 1988, and became an independent organization in 1995. National Institute for Engineering Ethics (NIEE)
Created by: b0403518