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Engineering Ethics

TermDefinition
Data Facts and statistics used for reference or analysis
Design Brief A written plan that identifies a problem to be solved, its criteria, and its constraints. The design brief is used to encourage thinking of all aspects of a problem before attempting a solution
Design Process A systematic problem solving strategy, with criteria and constraints, used to develop many possible solutions to solve a problem or satisfy human needs and wants and to winnow (narrow) down the possible solutions to one final choice
Design Statement A part of the design brief that clearly and concisely identifies a client’s or target consumer’s problem, need, or want
Designer A person who designs any variety of things. This usually implies the task of creating drawings or in some ways using visual cues to organize his or her work
Detail Drawing A dimensioned, working drawing of a single part, also referred to as part drawing
Ecosystem A biological community of interacting organisms and their physical environment
Emphasis Special importance, value, or prominence given to something
Engineer A person who is trained in and uses technological and scientific knowledge to solve practical problems
Engineer's Notebook A record of design ideas generated in the course of an engineer’s employment that others may not claim as their own. It is an archival record of new ideas and engineering achievements.
English System Also referred to as the US Customary system. The measuring system is based on the foot, second, and pound as units of length, time, weight, or mass
Environmental Protection Agency EPA is the acronym for Environmental Protection Agency ☺ 13) Ergonomics- The study of workplace equipment design or how to arrange and design devices, machines, or workspace so that the people and things interact safely and most efficiently
Ergonomics The study of workplace equipment design or how to arrange and design devices, machines, or workspace so that the people and things interact safely and most efficiently
Ethical Conforming to an established set of principles or accepted professional standards of contract
Ethics The moral principles governing or influencing conduct
Evaluate To form an idea of the amount or value of; assess
Evolution A gradual development
Manufacture To make something, especially on a large scale using machinery
Marketing The promotion and selling of products and services
Manufacturing Process The transformation of raw materials into finished goods
Mock-up A.k.a an appearance model. A model or replica of a machine or structure for instructional or experimental purposes
Mode The value that occurs most frequently in a given data set
Model A visual, mathematical, or 3D representation in detail of an object or design, often smaller than the original. A model is often used to test ideas, make changes to a design, and to learn more about what would happen to a similar, real object
Market Research The activity of gathering information about consumers’ needs and preferences
Negotiation Mutual discussion and arrangement of the terms of a transaction or agreement
Nominal Size The designation of size established for a commercial product
Process Human activities used to create, invent, design, transform, produce, control, maintain, and use products and systems; a systematic sequence of actions that combines resources to produce an output
Non-Renewable Resource A resource or raw material that cannot be grown or replaced once used
Product A tangible artifact produced by means of either human or mechanical work, or by biological or chemical process
Profile The outline of something as seen from one side
Normal Distribution A function that represents the distribution of many random variables as a symmetrical bell-shaped graph.
Problem Statement A part of the design process that challenges the designer; describes what a design should do without describing how to solve the problem, and identifies the degree to which the solution must be executed
Raw Material Any natural resource that is used to make a finished product
Repeatability The ability to replicate or duplicate a result
Research The systematic study of materials and sources in order to establish facts and reach new conclusions
Residue A small amount of something that remains after the main part has gone or been taken or used
Standard Something considered by an authority or by general consent as a basis of comparison
Product Lifestyle Stages a product goes from concept and use to eventual withdrawal from the marketplace
Statistics Collection of methods for planning experiments, obtaining data, organizing, summarizing, presenting, analyzing, interpreting, and drawing conclusions based on data
Renewable Resource A resource or raw material that can be grown and replaced
Occupation Safety and Health Administration A government organization whose mission is to assure the safety and health of America’s workers
The National Institute for Engineering Ethics (NIEE) Is an official component of the Murdough Center for Engineering Professionalism in the College of Engineering at Texas Tech University.
National Society of Professional Engineers (NSPE) Is the only engineering society that represents individual engineering professionals and licensed engineers (PEs) across all disciplines.
Obligations Requirements arising from a person’s situation or circumstances that specify what must or must not be done for moral, legal, religious, or institutional reasons
Software Piracy The illegal copying, distribution or use of software
Whistle Blowing When a person raises a concern about wrongdoing occurring in an organization or body of people
A person’s behavior is always ethical when he or she: Does what is best for everyone
Engineers should follow their professional ethics code because: It provides a clear definition of what the public has a right to expect from responsible engineers
Engineers should act ethically because: That is the way responsible engineers behave
The first and foremost obligation of registered professional engineers is to: The public welfare
Registered professional engineers should undertake services for clients only when: They are fully technically competent to carry out the services
Created by: r0706848