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Society&Ethics Voca

Society and Ethics Vocab from tech class 4th period,Danny Kim

TermDefinition
Data Facts and statistics used for reference or analysis.
Designer A person who designs any of a variety of things. This usually implies the task of creating drawings or in some ways uses visual cues to organize his or her work.
Engineer A person who is trained in and uses technological and scientific knowledge to solve practical problems.
Ergonomics The study of workplace equipment design or how to arrange and design devices, machines, or workspace so that people and things interact safely and most efficiently.
Evolution A gradual development.
Mock-up Also referred to as an Appearance Model. It is a model or replica of a machine or structure for instructional or experimental purposes.
Negoatiation Mutual discussion and arrangement of the terms of a transaction or agreement.
Product A tangible artifact produced by means of either human or mechanical work, or by biological or chemical process.
Raw Material Any natural resource that is used to make finished products.
Standard Something considered by an authority or by general consent as a basis of comparison.
Occupation Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) A government organization whose mission is to assure the safety and health of America’s Workers by setting and enforcing standards; providing training, outreach, and education; establishing partnerships.
Design Brief A written plan that identifies a problem to be solved, its criteria, and its constraints. The design brief is used to encourage thinking of all aspects of a problem before attempting a solution.
Detail Drawing A dimensioned, working drawing of a single part, also referred to as part drawing.
Engineer's Notebook A record of design ideas generated in the course of an engineer’s employment that others may not claim as their own. It is an archival record of new ideas and engineering research achievements.
Ethical Conforming to an established set of principles or accepted professional standards of contact.
Manufacture The transformation of raw materials into finished goods by Casting and Molding, Shaping and Reshaping for forming, Shearing, Pulverizing, Machining, for material removal, or joining by transforming using heat or chemical reaction to bond materials.
Mode The value that occurs most frequently in a given data set.
Nominal Size The designation of the size established for a commercial product
Profile An outline of something as seen from one side.
Repeatability The ability to replicate or duplicate a result.
Product Lifecycle Stages a product goes through from concept and use to eventual withdrawal from the market place.
Design Process A systematic problem-solving strategy, with criteria and constraints, used to develop many possible solutions to solve a problem or satisfy human needs and wants and to winnow (narrow) down the possible solutions to one final choice.
Ecosystem A biological community of interacting organisms and their physical environment.
English System Also referred to as the U.S. Customary system. The measuring system based on the foot, second, and pound as units of length, time, and weight or mass.
Ethics The moral principles governing or influencing conduct.
Marketing The promotion and selling of products or services.
Model A visual, mathematical, or three-dimensional representation in detail of an object or design, often smaller than the original that is used to used to test ideas, make changes to a design, and to learn more about what would happen.
Process Human activities used to create, invent, design, transform, produce, control, maintain, and use products or systems; a systematic sequence of actions that combines resources to produce an output.
Normal Distribution A function that represents the distribution of variables as a symmetrical bell-shaped graph.
Research The systematic study of materials and sources in order to establish facts and reach new conclusions.
Statistics Collection of methods for planning experiments, obtaining data, organizing, summarizing, presenting, analyzing, interpreting, and drawing conclusions based on data.
Design Statement A part of design brief that challenges the designer, describes what a design solution should do without describing how to solve the problem, and identifies the degree to which the solution must be executed.
Emphasis Special importance, value, or prominence given to something.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) EPA is the acronym for the Environmental Protection Agency.
Evalutate To form an idea of the amount or value of; assess.
Manufacturing Process The transformation of raw material into finished goods, by Casting and Molding, Shaping and Reshaping for forming, Shearing, Pulverizing, Machining, for material removal, or Joining by transforming using heat or chemical reaction to bond materials.
Market Research The activity of gathering information about consumers’ needs and preferences.
Non-Renewable Resource A resource or raw material that cannot be grown or replaced once used.
Problem Statement A part of design brief that clearly and concisely identifies a client’s or target consumer’s problem, need, or want.
Residue A small amount of something that remains after the main part has gone or been taken or used.
Renewable Resource A resource or raw material that can be grown and replaced.
Obligations Requirements arising from a person’s situation or circumstances that specify what must or must not be done for moral, legal, religious, or institutional reasons.
Software Piracy The illegal copying, distribution or use of software. Types of software piracy, for example, include: 1) purchasing a single user license and loading it onto multiple computers or a server.
Whistle Blowing When a person raises a concern about wrongdoing occurring in an organization or body of people.
A person’s behavior is always ethical when he or she: Does what is best for everyone
Engineers should follow their professional ethics code because It provides a clear definition of what the public has a right to expect from responsible engineers.
Engineers should act ethically because: That is the way responsible engineers behave.
The first and foremost obligation of registered professional engineers is to: The public welfare.
Registered professional engineers should undertake services for clients only when: They are fully technically competent to carry out the services.
National Society of Professional Engineers (NSPE) The only engineering society that represents individual engineering professionals and licensed engineers (PEs) across all disciplines.
National Institute for Engineering Ethics (NIEE) An official component of the Murdough Center for Engineering Professionalism in the College of Engineering at Texas Tech University.
Created by: k0908375