Busy. Please wait.

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Don't know
remaining cards
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how


USMLE antibiotic pharmacology

List the Beta-lactams antibiotics. Penicillins, cephalosporins, carbapenems, monobactams.
List the non-Beta-lactam cell wall synthesis inhibitors. Vancomycin, Fosfomycin
List the antibiotic protein synthesis inhbitors. Aminoglycosides, macrolides/ketolides, clindamycin, tetracyclines/glycylcyclines, streptogramins, chloramphenicol/linezolid
List antibiotic inhibitors of nucleic acid synthesis or function. Sulfonamides, trimethoprim, fluoroquinolones, nitroimidazoles (metronidazole).
List the antimycobacterial drugs. Rifamycins (rifampin), isoniazid/pyrazinamide/ethambutol, aminoglycosidases/fluoroquinolones.
Antibiotics that should be avoided during pregnancy. Tetracyclines, glycylcyclines, aminoglycosides, macrolides (erythromycin esolate, clarithromycin), fluoroquinolones, sulfonamides.
Beta lactam description bactericidal antibiotics that inhibit transpeptidases to block cell wall synthesis. Ineffective to Gram negative bacteria and may cause superinfection due to enzyme degradation resistance. Also common cause of hypersensitivity reactions (II and III).
Time-dependent bactericidal antibiotic. Penicillin, cephalosporins, vancomycin common feature.
Superinfection causing potential. Penicillin, cephalosporins, clindamycin
Concentration-dependent bactericidal antibiotics. Carbepenems, aminoglycosides, fluoroquinolones.
Inhibit cell wall synthesis by inhibiting transpeptidases. Usually ineffective against gram negative bacteria. A major cause of hypersensitivity reactions. Beta-lactams.
Bacterostatic antibiotics. Macrolides and ketolides (erythromycin, clarythromycin), clindamycin, tetracyclins and glycylcyclines, chloramphenicol (linezolid)
Inhibits cell wall synthesis by inhibiting transglycosylase. Vancomycin
Inhibits cell wall synthesis by inhibiting enolpyruvate transferase Fosfomycin
Created by: 45203472