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6th grade PSSA terms

6th grade PSSA reading terms

TermDefinition
1st person when the narrator tells a story about him/herself (I, me, we, my)
3rd person when the narrator tells a story about someone else (he, she, her, him)
alliteration the repetition of beginning consonant sounds in multiple words
antonym words that are opposites
conclusion the result or outcome of a story
fact/opinion fact can be proven using resources; opinion is a belief, feeling, or personal thought
figurative language language that cannot be taken literally to create a special feeling or effect; metaphor, similie, idiom, imagery, alliteration, etc
generalization when you make a general statement based on facts that can be checked (The nation mourned the events of 9/11.)
genre a category of reading material (poetry, mystery, realistic fiction)
homophone a word that sounds the same but has different meaning (hair and hare)
hyberbole an exaggeration or overstatement (I'm so hungry I could eat a horse.)
idiom an expression that cannot be taken literally. (Hit the deck!)
informative writing that explains or informs
irony the use of word or phrase to mean the exact opposite of its usual meaning (The man yelled, "Be quiet!")
main idea the most important information or the overall idea of a paragraph or text
metaphor the comparison of 2 unlike things in which like or as are not used
narrative a story
onomatopoeia the use of words that sound like the noise or action they make (sizzle, buzz, thump)
passage a section of a written work; a paragraph or part of a story
personification an object that is given human qualities (The flowers danced across the field.)
persuasive writing that is meant to change the way a reader thinks about a topic
plot the action or series of events that make up story (rising action, climax, resolution)
point of view the way in which an author reveals characters, events, or tells the story
setting the time and place of a story
compare/contrast tell how things are the same and different
similie a comparison of 2 unlike things using like or as
summarize to tell the most important parts of a story or passage in your own words
supporting details statements or facts that tell more about the main idea
synonym words that have the same or similar meanings
theme/author's message the central idea or message in a passage; lesson learned
tone the attitude of the author toward the audience and characters
fiction a story that is made up
non-fiction based on facts
imagery use of senses to describe
context clues use of words that surround an unknown word
resolution how the problem is solved
conflict the problem is in a story
narrator the person who tells a story
inference a logical answer based on text clues and your background knowledge
text organization how the text is organized or arranged (sequence, question/answer, compare/contrast, cause/effect)
draw a conclusion using inferences to come to a conclusion
paraphrase to put into your own words
Created by: dimatt