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Parasitology

QuestionAnswer
A branch of microbiology that studies parasitism and parasitic infection (Eukaryotic cells) Parasitology
The association of two organisms in which the smaller one lives upon or within the other and has a metabolic dependence Parasitism
Parasitic organisms or arthropods that live on the surface of a host without multiplication Infestation
Invasion and multiplication of a pathogenic parasite in the body, with accompanying reaction by the host. Infection
Any damage of host tissues or organs that leads to malfunction of an organ that is caused by a parasite. Result of infection. Disease
Any arthropod or other living organism that transports a pathogenic microorganism from an infected to a non infected host. Malaria Vector
The host organism in which a parasite passes its adult and/or sexual reproduction phase. Definitive or Final Host
The host organism in which a parasite passes its larval stage or asexual reproduction phase. Vector is usually an intermediate host. Intermediate Host
Anopheles mosquitos carry plasmodium and transmit malaria from host to host. Mosquito in malaria is the final or definitive host and humans are the intermediate host. EXCEPTION: Plamodium infection
An animal that harbor a species of parasite and can serve as a source of parasitic infections for humans. Can also be the intermediate host. Reservoir Host
Rapid Travel Immigration Increased # of immuncompromised patients Influence distribution of parasitic disease
WHO Reports: Most prevalent tropical diseases 7/8 are parasite. Most harmful infective diseases afflicting human 5/6 are parasite. >1ml people are afflicted with parasites. Human play host to dozen of different parasites. Parasite can also infect animals and plant
Created by: smvega