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Ethics

True False

QuestionAnswer
The main emphasis in ethics should be supporting responsible conduct True
Micro issues concern decisions made by companies True
Micro issues concern decisions made by both individuals and companies True
Ethical dilemmas can have two or more solutions none of which are mandatory True
Some ethical dilemmas have more than one permissible solution True
Most codes contain substantial areas of vagueness True
The NSPE says engineers must adhere to the highest principles of ethical conduct True
The NSPE says that engineers shall not accept commissions on a contingent basis True
The NSPE code says you shall include all pertinent information in both reports and testimony True
A canon of the NSPE code says that you should enhance the honor and reputation of the profession True
The NSPE code says that anonymous whistle blowing is not allowed True
The NSPE says that engineers shall not request a contingency fee True
The fundamental canons of the NSPE code does not talk about the environment True
Act-Utilitarianism always gives equal consideration to everyone affected True
Act-Utilitarianism says that rules should be broken if that will produce the most good in that specific case True
Act-utilitarianism says that rules should be broken whenever doing so well produce the most good True
Rule-utilitarianism allows one party to accrue the benefits while another takes the risks True
Rule-Utilitarianism says it makes no difference if benefits accure to one party and the risks to another True
Whistle blowing is generally not the bets possible method to remedy a problem True
Government employees have protection for their whistle blowing True
Government employees have more protection as whistle blowers than industrial employees True
The author’s definition of whistle blowing does not require that the whistle blower was correct True
Engineering Codes have required environmental responsibilities of its members for less than 20 years True
Market Mechanisms can and are being used to help environment True
The authors consider some forms of Human-Centered ethics to be acceptable True
Human-centered ethics focuses explicitly in the benefits of the environment to humans True
All human-centered ethics require a long-term view of conserving the environment True
Appropriate Technology should contribute to sustainable development. True
Appropriate Technology always includes social factors. True
Engineers should develop more political savvy. True
The basis for your ethical foundation is achieved by the second grade. True
Rights-ethics does not allow for benefits to accrue to one party and the risks to another. True
Even the appearance of a conflict of interest is considered unethical by the engineering codes. True
The appearance of a conflict of interest is unethical even if the conflict has had no effect on your actions. True
Codes should have a high tolerance for self criticism. True
A lower degree of physical safety is OK in less economically developed country. True
A lower degree of physical safety may be acceptable in less economically developed countries. True
The degree of physical safety of physical safety in the workplace depends on the development in that country. True
Absolute safety is neither attainable nor affordable. True
Engineers have different rights depending on their individual contracts. True
Business activities of multinational corporations must benefit the host countries. True
Informed consent can be offered in proxy by a group representing that individual. True
How information is presented can lead to very different risk assessments. True
Leaders do not have to be in positions of authority within a corporation. True
A leader determines what has to happen. True
A leader must not only do the right things but do them for the right reason. True
Involuntary risks should be kept smaller than voluntary risks. True
Moral responsibilities are different for different engineers. True
A primary function of codes of ethics is inspiration. True
All professional ethical theories consider self-interest. True
All ethical theories leave room to consider self-interest. True
The right of conscientious refusal is a second-order right. True
Conscientious refusal is a second-order professional right. True
Value-neutral analysis should be completely impartial. True
Technology transfer includes both hardware and technique. True
Multinational corporations must prevent easily preventable harms even if they are legal in that country. True
Engineers must consider both intended uses of computers as well as possible abuses. True
All professional societies promote continuing education. True
An important part of engineering ethics is preventing wrongdoing. True
Engineering firms can be held legally responsible with out any moral responsibility. True
Compensatory damages do not require any proof of fraud or wrongdoing. True
Value-neutral analysis requires that you analyze all options for both sides. True
None of the engineering codes said that you shall consider the environment more than ten years ago. True
Ethical relativism says that your only obligation is to obey the laws and dominant customs of the host country. True
Ethical relativism is false. True
Ethical relativism is not an acceptable ethical theory. True
Ethically engineers must consider possible abuses as well as the intended uses of their designs. True
Agency-loyalty is an obligation. True
Agency-loyalty to you employer is an obligation. True
Causal and legal responsibility are often different. True
Self-realization ethics can satisfy the author’s criteria for acceptable theories. True
An advisor can give value-guided testimony. True
Ethically you must always pay workers more for extra risks. True
Collegiality is considered to be a virtue of teamwork. True
Biocentric ethics says that all living organisms have inherent worth. True
Object codes cannot be copyrighted. True
The IEEE codes say that all persons are to be treated fairly regardless of gender. True
The IEEE code says you should consider the appropriate application of technology. True
A leader must have long term vision. True
Trial and error is an important part of most R and D projects. True
Most new innovations cause some type of deterioration in an associated area. True
An enginer can be held legally responsible for harm without there being any moral responsibility involved. True
Safety is an objective matter and is often different among different groups or individuals. True
Strict liability means you have to prove negligence. True
Business activities of multinational corporations must always prevent easily preventable harms. This statement is consistent with the ethical theory of Act-Utilitarianism. True
Criminal law focuses on correcting wrongs. True
Engineers can be sued individually even when acting according to guidelines set by their employers. True
Trade secrets can be reverse engineered. True
Reality is one of the four major parts of good leadership. True
All engineers should have the same ethical responsibilities. False
Causal and legal responsibility are the same. False
Engineering societies can revoke the right to practice engineering. False
The NSPE code says that their interpretation of the Cannons are only a guideline. False
The NSPE code deals with the protection of the environment. False
The NSPE board of Ethical Review applies the NSPE code to actual events. False
The NSPE code forbids signing a secrecy provision. False
NSPE says that you can take a contingency fee if there is no conflict of interest. False
The spirit of the NSPE code indicates that it is unethical to sign a secrecy provision. False
Acceptances of voluntary and involuntary risks are usually similar. False
Minutely detailed rules help the engineer to be ethical. False
The authors say you should use the Safety Factor (C/D) in their designs. False
Privileged information is a rough synonym for proprietary information. False
Privileged information is the same as proprietary information. False
Proprietary information is a synonym for trade secret. False
Proprietary information can e reverse engineered. False
Patents can be reverse engineered. False
The author’s definition of whistleblowing assumes that the whistleblowing is correct and there is a serious moral problem. False
Whistle-blowing is only a limited right of an engineer. False
Confidentiality does not prevent whisleblowing in most legal cases. False
You need documentation for whisleblowing according to the author’s. False
Whistleblowing requires that the information is passed outside of you organization. False
Fraud or wrongdoing must be proven for a person to get compensatory damages. False
Compensatory damages are only paid if wrongdoing can be proven. False
Compensatory damages require that persons rights were violated. False
Compensatory damages require tat the wrong be proven. False
The aim of legal system is to find the truth in all situations. False
The aim of our legal system is to always serve the truth False
Eyewitnesses have more freedom to testify than expert witnesses. False
Eyewitnesses have wider latitude in testifying than an expert witness. False
An expert witness can give value-guided testimony. False
Engineers should retain the same practices they endorse at home in the host country where they are doing business. False
Moral leaders should be in positions of authority within the corporation. False
A leader makes things happen. False
An ethical dilemma can not be between two or more solutions all of which are ethical. False
A paramount obligation to the public always takes preference. False
Professional engineers have a high degree of self-regulation. False
Professions do not require self-regulation. False
The majority of engineers are required to be registered. False
Informed consent only requires that we provide the information that has been requested. False
Informed consent must include both elements of voluntariness and knowledge of risks. False
Informed consent only requires voluntariness. False
Codes are best at giving specific guidance for specific problems. False
Safety factors (C/D) are usually a good indication of the possibility of failure. False
Trade secrets can protect software after it has been made public. False
Trade secrets are legally protected from reverse engineering. False
Safety should be the same for all individuals. False
Engineering codes say it is not mandatory to whistleblow on a firm that you do not work for. False
Engineering codes say that anonymous whistleblowing is OK. False
Strict legal liability means that some negligence in design or manufacturing must be proven. False
Appropriate technology is the most cost effective for new set of conditions. False
Rule-Utilitarianism allows one party to accrue the benefit s while another takes the risks. False
Act-utilitarianism gives preference to members of their own corporations. False
Utilitarianism doe not have to adopt a longterm view. False
A primary function of codes of ethics is deterrence and discipline. False
The authors believe that the use of safety factors is good for safety. False
Expert authority usually takes prescidence over executive authority. False
Executive authority and power is indistinguishable in corporations. False
Engineers are the main source of what information five or more years after changing jobs. False
Just the appearance of a conflict of interest is not considered unethical. False
Professional and business ethics should be equated. False
Engineers may function as advocates for their attorneys and their clients. False
Macro issues concern decisions made by companies. False
Ecocentric ethics regards all living organisms as having inherent worth. False
Perceptions of risk and benefits are independent of the facts that are presented. False
Improvements in safety in engineering products always have an increase in primary cost. False
Strict legal liability means that some negligence in design or manufacturing must be proven. False
Strict legal liability does require proof of defect or negligence. False
Attitude loyalty is an obligation. False
Ethical theories and codes rank most of the relevant moral considerations in order of importance. False
Engineers usually have more institutional than expert authority. False
The fundamental canons of the ASNE code does not talk about the environment. False
For a successful R and D program 40% or more of the projects should not lose money. False
A major role of codes is inspiration and guidance. False
The ABET Code says you should consider the appropriate applications of technology. False
The ABET Code says that whistle-blowing can be either open or anonymous. False
The ABET code says that engineers should be committed to improving the environment. False
The aim of moral autonomy is for everyone to come to the same moral beliefs. False
Business activities of multinational corporations must always prevent easily preventable harms. False
It is a federal crime to knowingly manufacture and sell any product that is “dangerous to human life and limb”. False
Confidentiality is a central duty of all professionals. False
Appropriate technology only requires that it be the most economic technology. False
Created by: dmbwater0